Image courtesy of the Library of Congress
KNOWLAND, Joseph Russell (1873-1966)

KNOWLAND, JOSEPH RUSSELL, (father of William Fife Knowland), a Representative from California; born in Alameda, Alameda County, Calif., August 5, 1873; attended public and private schools and the University of the Pacific (later College of the Pacific), Stockton, Calif.; engaged in the wholesale lumber and shipping business; director of the American Trust Co.; member of the State assembly 1898-1902; served in the State senate from 1902 until 1904, when he resigned, having been elected as a Republican to the Fifty-eighth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of Victor H. Metcalf; reelected to the Fifty-ninth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served from November 8, 1904, to March 3, 1915; unsuccessful candidate for election to the United States Senate in 1914; president and publisher of the Oakland (Calif.) Tribune; chairman of the California State Park Commission 1936-1960; chairman of California Centennial Commission in 1950; was a resident of Piedmont, Calif., at the time of his death there on February 1, 1966; remains cremated at Mountain View Cemetery, Oakland, Calif.

California Historical Society
San Francisco, CA
Papers: 1892-1961, 10 feet.
Collection includes correspondence, autobiography, reports and printed material on California history, and photographs. A finding aid is available online.


University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, CA
Papers: ca. 1924-1942, 59 cartons, 1 oversize folder.
Collection includes subject file and correspondence concerning the activities and interests of Knowland in the newspaper field and public affairs. Collection is currently unarranged and unavailable for use. Inquiries concerning these materials should be directed, in writing, to the Head of Manuscripts Division.

Photographs: In the William F. Knowland photograph collection [graphic] : additions, ca. 1870-1960, amount unknown.
Persons represented include Joseph R. Knowland.

Papers: In the catalogue I of the Regional Oral History Office, 1954-1979.
Collection includes a transcript of Joseph R. Knowland and Newton B. Drury dicussing Knowland's boyhood, community and business activities, California's historic site preservation, political campaign methods in California, and political figures. Interviewed in 1960, 1961 by Amelia Fry.

Photographs: Portraits of California Governor James N. Gillett and his son, ca. 1900-1915, 21 photographs.
Persons represented include Joseph R. Knowland.

Photographs: In the Photographs of Columbia, Calif., dedication festival, taken by Charles M. Hiller, 1945, 16 photographs.
Persons represented include Joseph R. Knowland.

Papers: In the papers of Charles Fayette McGlashan, 1847-1931, 3 boxes, 2 cartons, 4 oversize folders.
Collection includes 6 letters to C.F. McGlashan between 1920 and 1929 regarding the Donner party and his book History of the Donner Party, a Tragedy of the Sierra.

Papers: In the Papers relating to the acquisition of the Monterey Custom House by the state of California and to the waterfront development of Monterey, 1937-1957, 1 portfolio.
Persons represented include Joseph R. Knowland.

Papers: In the Oakland Tribune records, 1906-1976, 43.75 cubic feet.
Persons represented include Joseph R. Knowland.

Papers: In the papers of Frederick Smith Stratton, 1900-1917, 23 boxes, 6 cartons, 1 oversize folder.
Correspondents include Joseph R. Knowland.

  • Gothberg, John A. "The Local Influence of J.R. Knowland's Oakland Tribune." Journalism Quarterly 45 (Autumn 1968): 487-95.
  • Knowland, Joseph Russell. California: A Landmark History. Oakland, CA: Tribune Press, 1941.
  • ___, comp. Panama Canal Tolls. Symposium of Views Protesting Against A Surrender of American Rights and Upholding the Side of the United States in the Toll Controversy. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1913.
  • Wyatt, Daniel Elra. "Joseph R. Knowland: The Political Years, 1899-1915. [San Francisco: D. Wyatt], 1982.