LOGAN, John Alexander (1826-1886)

LOGAN, JOHN ALEXANDER, a Representative and a Senator from Illinois; born in Murphysboro, Jackson County, Ill., on February 9, 1826; attended the common schools and studied law; served in the war with Mexico as a lieutenant; returned to Illinois; clerk of the Jackson County Court 1849; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1852, and practiced; member, Illinois house of representatives 1852-1853, 1856-1857; prosecuting attorney for the third judicial district of Illinois 1853-1857; presidential elector on the Democratic ticket in 1856; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses and served from March 4, 1859, until April 2, 1862, when he resigned and entered the Union Army; chairman, Committee on Revisal and Unfinished Business (Thirty-sixth and Thirty-seventh Congresses); during the Civil War was commissioned brigadier general, and then major general of Volunteers, and served until 1865; elected as a Republican to the Fortieth, Forty-first, and Forty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1867, until his resignation on March 3, 1871, at the end of the Forty-first Congress, having been elected Senator; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-first Congress); one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1868 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against President Andrew Johnson; conceived of the idea of Memorial Day and inaugurated the observance in May 1868; elected to the United States Senate as a Republican and served from March 4, 1871, to March 3, 1877; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-third and Forty-fourth Congresses); resumed the practice of law in Chicago; again elected to the United States Senate in 1879; reelected in 1885, and served from March 4, 1879, until his death; chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Forty-seventh and Forty-eighth Congresses); unsuccessful Republican nominee for Vice President of the United States in 1884; died in Washington, D.C., December 26, 1886; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, December 30-31, 1886; interment in a tomb in the National Cemetery, Soldiers' Home, Washington, D.C.

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
Springfield, IL
Papers: Ca. 1859-1907. Ca. 26 feet. Primarily letters of congratulations received while U.S. senator, regarding the Fitz-John Porter case, election to Senate, and vice presidential nomination; condolence letters, resolutions, and addresses upon his death; photographs, primarily Civil War; and memorabilia. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: 1848-1885, 1932. 20 items. Letters regarding political appointments, one concerning his presidential ambitions, one as a representative about running for the U.S. Senate. Also 1 volume (43 pages) biography (no date) in the Joseph Wallace papers; and correspondence in John McAuley Palmer papers, 1811-1906. Finding aids.

Chicago Historical Society
Chicago, IL
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections.

Idaho State Historical Society
Boise, ID
Papers: 1885. Letter to George H. Roberts concerning confirmation of judges Powers and Hayes and objection by Mormons.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 1868, 1879-1881. 6 letters and memorabilia.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 4 letters (June 19, 1869; June 22, 1886; August 30, 1886; 1886) in Post family papers.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In Logan family papers, 1847-1925. 154 containers. Finding aid.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: December 12, 1885; October 5, 1884; September 18, 1864. 3 letters.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 8 items (1870-1879); and 2 letters (May 5, 1862 and April 1, 1864) concerning politics in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 1863-1939. 150 items. Correspondence from his military colleagues and to his family after his death. Available on 1 microfilm reel. Finding aid.

  • Dawson, George Francis. Life and Services of General John A. Logan, as Soldier and Statesman. Chicago: Belford, Clarke & Co., 1887.
  • Ecelbarger, Gary. Black Jack Logan: An Extraordinary Life in Peace and War. Guilford, Conn.: Lyons Press, 2005.
  • Eidson, William Gene. "John Alexander Logan: Hero of the Volunteers.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Vanderbilt University, 1967.
  • Fleming, George J. "The Mind of a Stalwart: John A. Logan.'' Indiana Academy of the Social Sciences Proceedings, 3d ser. 10 (October 17, 1975): 97-101.
  • Jones, James P. Black Jack: John A. Logan and Southern Illinois in the Civil War Era. Tallahassee: Florida State University, 1967.
  • ___. "John A. Logan and the Election of 1864 in Illinois.'' Mid-America 42 (October 1960): 219-30.
  • ___. "John A. Logan, Freshman in Congress, 1859-1861.'' Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 56 (Spring 1963): 36-60.
  • ___. John A. Logan, Stalwart Republican from Illinois. Tallahassee: University Presses of Florida, 1982.
  • ___. "Radical Reinforcement: John A. Logan Returns to Congress.'' Journal of the Illinois State Historical Society 68 (September 1975): 324-36.
  • Kent, Gary Wayne. "Evolution of Change: The Ideological Migration of John A. Logan During the Civil War Era, as Evidenced in his Public Speaking.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 1989.
  • Logan, John Alexander. The Great Conspiracy. 1885. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1971.
  • ___. The Volunteer Soldier of America. 1877. Reprint. New York: Arno Press, 1979.
  • Logan, Mrs. John A. Reminiscences of the Civil War and Reconstruction. 1913. Abridged ed., edited by George Worthington Adams. Carbondale: Southern Illinois University Press, 1970. Originally published as Reminiscences of a Soldier's Wife.
  • Messamore, Ford. "John A. Logan: Democrat and Republican.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kentucky, 1940.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses on the Life and Character of John Alexander Logan (a Senator from Illinois.) 49th Cong., 2d sess., 1886-1887. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1887.