MALLORY, Stephen Russell (1813c-1873)

MALLORY, STEPHEN RUSSELL, (father of Stephen Russell Mallory [1848-1907]), a Senator from Florida; born in Trinidad, West Indies, about 1813; immigrated to the United States with his parents, who settled in Key West, Fla., in 1820; attended schools in Mobile Bay, and Nazareth, Pa.; appointed by President Andrew Jackson customs inspector at Key West in 1833; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1840 and practiced in Key West; county judge of Monroe County 1837-1845; appointed collector of the port of Key West in 1845; served in the Seminole War; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1851; reelected in 1857 and served from March 4, 1851, until his withdrawal on January 21, 1861; seat declared vacant by Senate resolution on March 4, 1861; chairman, Committee on Printing (Thirty-third Congress), Committee on Naval Affairs (Thirty-fourth through Thirty-sixth Congresses); Secretary of the Navy of the Confederacy; imprisoned at the close of the Civil War 1865-1866; settled first in Lagrange, Troup County, Ga., then Pensacola, Fla.; engaged in the practice of law; died in Pensacola, Fla., November 9, 1873; interment in St. Michael's Cemetery.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: In Semmes family papers, 1859-1913; and Mantevallo Coal Mining Company minutes, 1856-1873.

Brown University
Providence, RI
Papers: In Mary Rivers Allen collection, 1846-1881.

East Carolina University
Joyner Library
Greenville, NC
Papers: Correspondence in Charles W. Read collection, 1863-1970.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Henry Frederick Willink papers, 1961-1879.

Florida Historical Society
Tampa, FL
Papers: Undetermined number of letters.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (October 8, 1861) in Sang-Lee Civil War collection.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Roger Jones family papers, 1649-1896.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1858-1860. 2 items.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: July 7, 1872. 1 letter. To Stephen R. Mallory, Jr. his son, discussing health and son's legal career.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1835-1873. 95 items and 2 volumes. Letters to his wife and children written while serving as senator, available on microfilm; autobiographical sketch; letters from prison; and 2 volume diary (1861-1862, 1865-1866).

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: 2 letters by and 5 to Mallory (1852-1867) in various collections. Finding aid.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Samuel Barron papers, 1820-1899.

University of West Florida
Pensacola, FL
Papers: Small amount of Mallory material in the Cora Mallory papers; photographs; and commonplace book (ca. 1833) in Fisher family papers, 1833-1907.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Numerous items in various collections. Finding aid.

  • Dibble, Ernest F. "War Averters: Seward, Mallory, and Fort Pickens.'' Florida Historical Quarterly 49 (January 1971): 232-44.
  • Durkin, Joseph T. Confederate Navy Chief: Stephen R. Mallory. 1954. Reprint. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1987. Originally published as Stephen R. Mallory.
  • Underwood, Rodman L. Stephen Russell Mallory: A Biography of the Confederate Navy Secretary and United States Senator. Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 2005.
  • Whitfield, James B. "Some Legal Phases of the Senatorial Contest Between David L. Yulee and Stephen R. Mallory, Sr., in 1851.'' Florida Law Journal 19 (October 1945): 251-55.