MARSHALL, Humphrey (1812-1872)

MARSHALL, HUMPHREY, (grandson of Humphrey Marshall [1760-1841]), a Representative from Kentucky; born in Frankfort, Franklin County, Ky., January 13, 1812; pursued academic studies; was graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1832; resigned from the Army April 30, 1833; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1833 and practiced in Frankfort in 1833 and 1834 and in Louisville 1834-1846; served in the State militia; colonel of Volunteers in the Mexican War; engaged in agricultural pursuits in Henry County, Ky.; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses and served from March 4, 1849, until his resignation on August 4, 1852; Minister to China 1852-1854; elected on the American Party ticket to the Thirty-fourth and Thirty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1855-March 3, 1859); renominated by acclamation, but declined; during the Civil War served as a brigadier general in the Confederate Army; moved to Richmond, Va., and continued the practice of law; elected to the Confederate Congress; after the war moved to New Orleans, La.; civil disabilities were removed by President Johnson December 18, 1867; returned to Louisville and resumed the practice of law; died in Louisville, Ky., March 28, 1872; interment in the State Cemetery, Frankfort, Ky.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Filson Club Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: In the Charles Lanman collection.
Autobiographical or biographical sketch. Unpublished finding aid in repository.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1867. 1 letter.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: August 31, 1853; August 19, 1854; July 6, 1865.
3 letters. Finding aid in repository.

  • Bain, C. A. "Commodore Matthew Perry, Humphrey Marshall, and the Taiping Rebellion." Far-East Quarterly 10 (May 1951): 258-70.
  • Marshall, Humphrey. California and New Mexico. [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1850].
  • ------. Speeches of Hon. Humphrey Marshall & Hon. B. F. Hallett, in the city of Washington, on the nomination of Breckinridge and Lane. [Washington: National Democratic Executive Committee, 1860].
  • Quisenberry, Anderson C. The Life and Times of Hon. Humphrey Marshall. Winchester, Ky.: Sun Pub. Co., 1892.
  • Rea, Kenneth W. "Humphrey Marshall's Commissionership to China, 1852-1854." Ph.D. diss., University of Colorado, 1970.