Library of Congress
MARTIN, Thomas Staples (1847-1919)

MARTIN, THOMAS STAPLES, a Senator from Virginia; born in Scottsville, Albemarle County, Va., July 29, 1847; attended the Virginia Military Institute at Lexington 1864-1865, and the University of Virginia at Charlottesville 1865-1867; served in the Confederate army; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1869 and practiced in Albemarle County; member of the board of visitors of the Miller Manual Labor School of Albemarle County; member of the board of visitors of the University of Virginia; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1893; reelected in 1899, 1905, 1911, and 1918, and served from March 4, 1895, until his death in Charlottesville, Va., November 12, 1919; Democratic caucus chairman 1911-1913, 1917-1919; chairman, Committee on Corporations Organized in the District of Columbia (Fifty-seventh through Fifty-ninth Congresses), Committee on Public Health and National Quarantine (Sixty-first Congress), Committee on Appropriations (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses); interment in the University of Virginia Cemetery.

Scottsville Museum

Scottsville, VA
Papers: Ca. 1853-2003 (bulk ca.1894-1919)
An assembled collection of biographical information, correspondence, cancelled checks, official documents and publications, periodicals, and documents and notes collected by Edward O.McCue consisting of photographs, publications, original copies and photocopies of manuscript material, and books and treatises relating to Martin's life. Inventory.


University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections including W. Gordon McCabe papers, 1757-1920; Micajah Woods papers; Senator John Daniel papers, William A. Jones papers, Senatoe Claude Swanson appers, and James Taylor Ellyson pspers;; political scrapbooks pertaining to the career of Thomas martin, 1902-1903, 1912-1916; and letters from Martin refuting financial and election corruption charges of William Atkinson Jones and explaining his fight with Benjamin Ryan Tillman for the chair of the Senate Appropriations Committee in Walter S. Copeland papers, 1907-1954 (bulk 1907-1928). Finding aid.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items in various collections; and photographs.

  • Bear, James Adam. "Thomas Staples Martin: A Study in Virginia Politics, 1883-1896.'' Master's thesis, University of Virginia, 1952.
  • Holt, Wythe W., Jr. "The Senator from Virginia and the Democratic Floor Leadership: Thomas S. Martin and Conservatism in the Progressive Era.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 83 (January 1975): 3-21.
  • Moger, Allen W. Virginia: Bourbonism to Byrd, 1870-1925. Charlottesville: University Press of Virginia, 1968.
  • Ray, William Grady. "Thomas Staples Martin's Campaign for the United States Senate, 1892-1893.'' Master's thesis, University of Virginia, 1972.
  • Reeves, Paschal. "Thomas S. Martin: Committee Statesman.'' Virginia Magazine of History and Biography 68 (July 1960): 344-64.
  • Strother, Ernest Scott, Jr. "Thomas Staples Martin: His Senatorial Career.'' Master's thesis, University of Richmond, 1966.
  • U.S. Congress. Thomas Staples Martin (Late a Senator from Virginia). Memorial Addresses Delivered in the Senate and the House of Representatives of the United States. 66th Cong., 3d sess., 1920-1921. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1922.