MASON, Jeremiah (1768-1848)
Senate Years of Service: 1813-1817

MASON, JEREMIAH, a Senator from New Hampshire; born in Lebanon, New London County, Conn., April 27, 1768; graduated from Yale College in 1788; studied law; moved to Vermont and was admitted to the bar in 1791; moved to New Hampshire and practiced law; attorney general of New Hampshire 1802-1805; elected June 8, 1813, as a Federalist to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term beginning March 4, 1813, and served from June 21, 1813, until June 16, 1817, when he resigned; member, State house of representatives 1820-1821, 1824; president of the Portsmouth branch of the United States Bank 1828-1829; moved to Boston, Mass., in 1832; retired from the practice of law in 1838, but continued as chamber counsel up to the time of his death in Boston, Mass., October 14, 1848; interment in Mount Auburn Cemetery, Cambridge, Mass.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 6 items.

Dartmouth College
Hanover, NH
Papers: 1811-1839. 100 items. Correspondence, legal and business papers, and portrait.

Harvard University
Houghton Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: Typescripts of letters (1801-1822) from Mason to his wife Mary Means Mason in Henry James Tudor and William Tudor papers, 1802-1857; and correspondence in Tudor family additional papers, 1772-1922.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Miscellaneous papers; and ca. 35 letters (1818-1853) in various collections.

New Hampshire Historical Society
Concord, NH
Papers: 1796-1913. 526 items. In part, transcripts of letters by John Chipman Gray for his article on Mason in W.D. Lewis' Great American Lawyers, volume 3 (1907). Political, family, and personal correspondence, autobiography covering his life to 1797, and reminiscences. Correspondence relates to political affairs, the Dartmouth College case (1819), and the Portsmouth branch of the Bank of the United States. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 1798-1844. .25 linear foot. Correspondence, chiefly political, as attorney general of New Hampshire (1802-1805), as senator (1813-1817), as representative in New Hampshire legislature (1820-1824), and as an attorney in private practice, including work on the Dartmouth College Case (1818-1819). Topics include Aaron Burr, the Tripolitan War, the War of 1812, presidential elections of 1816 and 1824, the embargo, and the tariff. Finding aid.

  • Hill, C.H. "Jeremiah Mason and the Bar.'' American Law Review 12 (January 1878): 229-61.
  • Hillard, George Stillman, ed. Memoir, Autobiography and Correspondence of Jeremiah Mason. 1873. Reprint. Kansas City, MO: Lawyers' International Publishing Co., 1917.