McCARTHY, Joseph Raymond (1908-1957)
Senate Years of Service: 1947-1957

MCCARTHY, JOSEPH RAYMOND, a Senator from Wisconsin; born in Grand Chute, Outagamie County, Wis., November 14, 1908; attended a one-room country school; worked on a farm; at the age of nineteen moved to Manawa, Wis., and enrolled in a high school; while working in a grocery store and ushering at a theater in the evenings, completed a four-year course in one year; graduated from Marquette University at Milwaukee, Wis., with a law degree in 1935; admitted to the bar the same year; commenced practice in Waupaca, and in 1936 moved to Shawano, Wis., and continued to practice law; elected circuit judge of the tenth judicial circuit of Wisconsin in 1939; while serving in this capacity enlisted in 1942 in the United States Marine Corps; resigned as a lieutenant in 1945; unsuccessful candidate for the Republican nomination for United States Senator in 1944 while in military service; reelected circuit judge of Wisconsin in 1945 while still in the Marine Corps; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1946; reelected in 1952 and served from January 3, 1947, until his death; co-chairman, Joint Committee on the Library (Eighty-third Congress), chairman, Committee on Government Operations (Eighty-third Congress); used his position as chairman of the Committee on Government Operations and its Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations to launch investigations designed to document charges of Communists in government; censured by the Senate on December 2, 1954, for behavior that was "contrary to senatorial traditions"; died in the naval hospital at Bethesda, Md., May 2, 1957; funeral services were held in the Chamber of the United States Senate; interment in St. Mary's Cemetery, Appleton, Wis.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 1 audiotape (no date) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Ella Winters papers, 1913-1978.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral history: Discussed in several interviews.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Warren Jay Vinton papers, 1932-1969.
Oral history: Numerous interviews in the Joseph McCarthy project.

Dakota State University
Karl E. Mundt Library
Madison, SD
Papers: Correspondence in Karl E. Mundt papers, 1927-1972. Finding aid.

Dartmouth College
Hanover, NH
Papers: Correspondence in Elba Chase Nelson papers, 1908-1967.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: Correspondence in Westbrook Pegler papers, 1908-1969. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in La Follette family papers, 1844-1973. Finding aid.

Marquette University
Milwaukee, WI
Papers: Ca. 1930-1957. 141.6 cubic feet. Includes senatorial and congressional reports and publications, speeches, clippings, sound recordings of McCarthy speeches and broadcasts, audiotapes, photographs, a few films, a small amount of personal correspondence (1940s), and subject files of investigations on communism. Also an extensive library of books on communism and other political literature from McCarthy's Senate office. Photographs, recordings of speeches, and 3 cubic feet of pre-senatorial correspondence is open. Subject files on investigations are closed. Inquire at repository. Sealed categories of papers are listed on website. Also available on the web is a new digital collection, Senator Joe McCarthy: Audio Excerpts, 1950-1954. The collection provides access to 35 streaming audio files made from analog tape recordings of McCarthy's public remarks. Available at http://digitalmarquette.cdmhost.com/JRM/.

Providence College
Phillips Memorial Library
Providence, RI
Papers: Correspondence in Louis Francis Budenz papers, 1953-1967.

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections
Stanford, CA
Papers: 1946-1954. 11 volumes. McCarthy era clippings.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: 1930-1963. 1 microfilm reel. Microfilm of scrapbooks, chiefly of newspaper clippings, covering McCarthy's days as boxing coach at Marquette University, election in 1940 as Outagamie County judge, World War II military service, 1946 and 1952 U.S. Senate campaigns, and marriage to Jean Kerr, 1953.
Papers: In Robert Lasch papers, 1940-1991; Alexander Wiley papers, 1913-1967; material relating to Benton's introduction of a resolution to investigate McCarthy and McCarthy's lawsuit against Benton in the William Benton papers, 1951-1961; and writings on McCarthy in Richard Halworth Rovere papers, 1931-1968.

Syracuse University
George Arents Research Library
Syracuse, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Robert C. Hendrickson papers, 1916-1964.

U.S. Senate
Historical Office
Washington, DC
Oral history: Discussed in interview (July 19-November 9, 1979) with Ruth Young Watt, chief clerk, Senate Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations, 315 pages.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Ogden Rogers Reid papers, 1925-1982.

University of Arkansas
Special Collections
Fayetteville, AR
Papers: In James William Fulbright papers, 1941-1960. Finding aid.

University of Colorado Libraries
Archives
Boulder, CO
Papers: In the Rudolph Johnson papers, 1888-1966.

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  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States, Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of Joseph Raymond McCarthy, Late a Senator from Wisconsin. 85th Cong., 1st sess., 1957. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1957.
  • Watkins, Arthur V. Enough Rope: The inside story of the censure of Senator Joe McCarthy by his colleagues--the controversial hearings that signaled the end of a turbulent career and a fearsome era in American public life. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1969.
  • Weintraub, Rebecca. "Joseph McCarthy as Leader: An Image Analysis.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Southern California, 1983.
  • Wicker, Tom. Shooting Star: The Brief Arc of Joe McCarthy. Orlando: Harcourt, 2006.