McLANE, Louis (1786-1857)

MCLANE, LOUIS, (father of Robert Milligan McLane), a Representative and a Senator from Delaware; born in Smyrna, Del., May 28, 1786; attended private schools; entered the United States Navy in 1798 as a midshipman on the U.S.S. Philadelphia and served one year; attended Newark College; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1807 and commenced practice in Smyrna; served in the War of 1812; elected to the Fifteenth and to the four succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1817-March 3, 1827); reelected to the Twentieth Congress, but resigned, having been elected a Senator; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Seventeenth through Nineteenth Congresses); elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1827, until April 16, 1829, when he resigned; appointed by President Andrew Jackson as Envoy Extraordinary and Minister Plenipotentiary to England 1829-1831; appointed Secretary of the Treasury in the Cabinet of President Jackson 1831-1833; appointed Secretary of State by President Jackson 1833-1834; moved to Baltimore, Md.; president of the Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. 1837-1847; again Minister to England 1845-1846; delegate to the Maryland constitutional convention in 1850; died in Baltimore, Md., October 7, 1857; interment in Greenmount Cemetery.

American Philosophical Society
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In Benjamin Silliman correspondence, 1808-1859.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 9 items.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In Farmers Bank of the State of Delaware records, 1785-1900 (bulk 1807-1900); Eleuthere Irenee du Pont papers, 1771-1922 and 1782-1838; Victor du Pont papers, 1753-1847 and 1778-1827; Eleuthera Bradford du Pont collection, 1799-1834; Wilmington and Kennett Turnpike Company records, 1811-1921; and Pierre S. du Pont collection, 1438-1954.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Joel Roberts Poinsett papers, 1785-1851; Gilpin family papers, 1727-1872; and Hopkinson family papers, 1735-1863.

Johns Hopkins University
Milton S. Eisenhower Library
Baltimore, MD
Papers: In Edward M. Greenway collection, 1737-1876.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 3 Treasury Department circulars (September 1, 1831; November 26, 1832; April 23, 1833) in Donna Workman autograph collection, 1792-1936.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In Louis McLane family papers, 1795-1894. 4 containers. Topics include Washington, DC social life, congressional politics, relations with Henry Clay and Daniel Webster, and the election of 1824. Finding aid. Also correspondence in Nicholas Philip Trist papers, 1795-1873; and John Payne papers, 1780-1854.

Maryland Historical Society
Baltimore, MD
Papers: Letters from McLane discussing politics, social life, and congressional service in Washington in McLane-Fisher family papers, ca. 1800-1905. Finding aid.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in Canfield-Dickerson family papers, 1738-1926.

New York Society Library
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Goodhue family papers, [ca. 1622-1895].

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: In Autographs of American Authors and Statesmen collection, ca. 1770-1865.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1826-1846. 9 items.

University of Delaware Library
Newark, DE
Papers: 1806-1853. 128 letters. Includes photostats of originals in various libraries.

University of Nevada
Special Collections
Reno, NV
Papers: 1826-1845. 9 letters.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Miscellaneous items. Finding aid.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: In Tazewell family papers, 1756-1931.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Southard Hay autograph collection, 1750-1885.

  • Munroe, John A. Louis McLane: Federalist and Jacksonian. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press, 1973.