McNARY, Charles Linza (1874-1944)
Senate Years of Service: 1917-1944

MCNARY, CHARLES LINZA, a Senator from Oregon; born on a farm near Salem, Marion County, Oreg., June 12, 1874; attended the public schools and Leland Stanford Junior University, California; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1898 and commenced practice in Salem, Oreg.; deputy district attorney of the third judicial district 1904-1911; dean of the law department of Willamette University, Salem, Oreg., 1908-1913; associate justice of the State supreme court 1913-1915; appointed on May 29, 1917, as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy in the term ending March 3, 1919, caused by the death of Harry Lane, and served from May 29, 1917, until November 5, 1918, when Frederick W. Mulkey was elected to fill this vacancy; again appointed to the United States Senate on December 12, 1918, to become effective December 18, 1918, to fill the vacancy in the same term caused by the resignation of Frederick W. Mulkey, having been previously elected for the term beginning March 4, 1919; reelected in 1924, 1930, 1936 and 1942 and served from December 18, 1918, until his death; minority leader 1933-1944; chairman, Committee on Irrigation and Reclamation of Arid Lands (Sixty-sixth through Sixty-ninth Congresses), Committee on Agriculture and Forestry (Sixty-ninth through Seventy-second Congresses), Republican Conference (1933-45); unsuccessful candidate for Vice President of the United States on the Republican ticket in 1940; died in Fort Lauderdale, Fla., February 25, 1944; interment in Belcrest Memorial Cemetery, Salem, Oreg.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral history: Discussed in interview with James A. Farley.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in National Forestry Program committee records, 1920-1928, 1945-1947; and Richard Brown Scandrett papers, 1907-1966 (bulk 1907-1951).

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: 2 folders (1921-1928); 1 folder (1934-1942); and 2 boxes of correspondence (1920-1929) concerning McNary-Haugen bills.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1921-1944. 24 linear feet. Personal and congressional correspondence, memoranda, legislative bills, speeches with handwritten emendations, and biographical material. Constituent correspondence includes views on United States neutrality (1939-1941), Lend-Lease legislation, the Burke-Wadsworth Compulsory Military Training bill, and McNary's responses to these controversial issues. Other topics include agriculture, conservation, Indian affairs, tariffs, and the McNary-Haugen bill. Finding aid.

Oregon Historical Society
Portland, OR
Papers: 1876-1944. 1 foot. Scrapbooks of newsclippings, campaign ephemera, and photographs.
Papers: Correspondence in Donald Justus Sterling papers, 1907-1954; Joseph Nathan Teal papers, 1879-1955; Elmer Perry Dodd papers, 1900-1957; and correspondence and miscellaneous items (1933-1941) in various collections.

Oregon State Archives
Salem, OR
Papers: Miscellaneous papers including certificate of appointment and political correspondence.

University of Oregon
Eugene, OR
Papers: 1921-1944. 3 feet. Concern Oregon internal improvements. Also in Thomas B. Neuhausen papers.

  • DeWitt, Howard A. "Charles L. McNary and the 1918 Congressional Election.'' Oregon Historical Quarterly 68 (June 1967): 125-40.
  • Hoffmann, George C. "The Early Political Career of Charles McNary, 1917-1924.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Southern California, 1952.
  • ___. "Political Arithmetic: Charles L. McNary and the 1914 Primary Election.'' Oregon Historical Quarterly 66 (December 1965): 363-78.
  • Johnson, Roger Taylor. "Charles L. McNary and the Republican Party During Prosperity and Depression.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison, 1967.
  • ___. "Part-Time Leader: Senator Charles L. McNary and the McNary-Haugen Bill.'' Agricultural History 54 (October 1980): 527-41.
  • Neal, Steve. "Charles L. McNary: The Quiet Man.'' In First Among Equals: Outstanding Senate Leaders of the Twentieth Century, edited by Richard A. Baker and Roger H. Davidson, pp. 98-126. Washington: Congressional Quarterly, 1991.
  • ___. McNary of Oregon: A Political Biography. Portland: Western Imprints, 1985.
  • Roberts, Walter K. "The Political Career of Senator Charles L. McNary, 1924-1944.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, 1954.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States, Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of Charles Linza McNary, Late a Senator from Oregon. 78th Cong., 2d sess., 1944. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1946.
  • Webber, David J. Outstanding Environmentalists of Congress. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Capitol Historical Society, 2002.