MERCER, James (1736-1793)

MERCER, JAMES, (brother of John Francis Mercer), a Delegate from Virginia; born at ``Marlborough,'' Stafford County, Va., February 26, 1736; received private schooling at home; was graduated from the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va.; served as a captain in the French and Indian War; commander of Fort Loudoun, Winchester, Va., in 1756; studied law and was admitted to the bar; active in pre-Revolutionary affairs; member of the Virginia House of Burgesses 1762-1775; member of the Virginia conventions of 1774, 1775, and 1776; member of the committee of public safety in 1775 and 1776; member of the State constitutional convention in May 1776; Member of the Continental Congress in 1779; served as a judge of the General Court of Virginia 1779-1789; trustee and president of the Fredericksburg Academy 1786-1790; judge of the first Virginia Court of Appeals from 1789 until his death in Richmond, Va., on October 31, 1793; interment in St. John's Church Cemetery.

Colonial Williamsburg Foundation
John D. Rockefeller Jr. Library
Williamsburg, VA
Papers: 1771, 2 pages.
A slave pass from James Mercer for two slaves, "Negro Bobb, coachman & Negro George, postillion", to travel from Fredericksburg, Virginia, to Williamsburg "with a coach and six horses". The pass was signed by James Mercer's steward, Thomas Oliver, and indicates in the pass that the slaves be afforded hospitality at inns along the way, as was the usual custom. The reverse contains account of expenses signed by Jonathan Martin.

Papers: In the Bowyer-Hubard Papers, 1767-1782 and 1816, 13 items.
Other authors include James Mercer.

Papers: In the Thomas Jefferson Papers, 1763-1824, 117 items.
Other authors include James Mercer.


Gunston Hall Plantation Library
Lorton, VA
Papers: In the Mercer Family Papers, 1760-1833, 9 items.
Persons represented include James Mercer.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Charles Simms Papers, 1776-1820, 18 items.
Correspondents include James Mercer.

Papers: In the Adam Stephen Papers, ca. 1749-1849, 125 items.
Correspondents include James Mercer.


University of Virginia Library
The Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Virginia Members of the Continental Congress Records, 1767-1820, 12 items.
Correspondents include James Mercer.


Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Mercer Family Papers, ca. 1656-1859, 569 items.
Correspondents include James Mercer.


Wisconsin Historical Society
Archives
Madison, WI
Papers: 1772-1786, 1 folder.
A bill noting purchases made by James Mercer, Fredericksburg, Virginia, between 1772 and 1774, from the firm of Purdie and Dixon (probably printers and/or booksellers), and including appended notes later made by James Mercer in 1785-1786.