MERCER, John Francis (1759-1821)

MERCER, JOHN FRANCIS, (brother of James Mercer), a Delegate from Virginia and a Representative from Maryland; born at ``Marlborough,'' Stafford County, Va., on May 17, 1759; after receiving his education at home from private teachers was graduated from the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va., in 1775; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Williamsburg, Va., in 1781; during the Revolutionary War served as lieutenant in the Third Virginia Regiment; promoted to captain in 1777, and was aide-de-camp to Gen. Charles Lee in 1778 and 1779; lieutenant colonel of Virginia Cavalry; Delegate from Virginia to the Continental Congress 1783-1784; moved to West River, Anne Arundel County, Md.; delegate from Maryland to the Federal Convention in Philadelphia in 1787 but withdrew before signing the Constitution; delegate to the state convention which ratified the Federal Constitution in 1788; member of the state house of delegates in 1788, 1789, 1791, and 1792; elected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Second Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of William Pinkney; reelected as an Anti-Administration candidate to the Third Congress and served from February 5, 1792, until his resignation April 13, 1794; again a member of the state house of delegates in 1800 and 1803-1806; governor of Maryland 1801-1803; retired to his estate ``Cedar Park,'' West River, Md.; died in Philadelphia, Pa., August 30, 1821; remains deposited in a vault at St. Peter's Church, Philadelphia, Pa.; subsequently interred in a private cemetery at ``Cedar Park,'' West River, Anne Arundel County, Md.

Gunston Hall Plantation Library
Lorton, VA
Papers: In the Mercer Family Papers, 1760-1833, 9 items.
Correspondents include John Francis Mercer.

Papers: In the Virginia Dawson Beebe Collection of Mason Family Papers, ca. 1725-1857, 390 items.
Correspondents include John Francis Mercer.


James Monroe Museum & Memorial Library
Fredericksburg, VA
Papers: In the James Monroe Letters Concerning the Hay Family, 1809-1830, 15 items.
Correspondents include John Francis Mercer.

Papers: In the James Monroe Papers as Minister to France, 1785- 1831, 95 items.
Correspondents include John Francis Mercer.

Papers: In the James Monroe Papers Concerning his Law Practice in Richmond and Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1780-1804, 14 items.
Correspondents include John Francis Mercer.

Papers: In the James Monroe Papers in the Virginia General Assembly and U.S. Senate, 1783-1790, 34 items.
Correspondents include John Francis Mercer.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1784, 1 item.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 1802-1803. 8 letters.
Finding aid in repository.


University of Virginia Library
The Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: In the Virginia Members of the Continental Congress Papers, 1767-1820, 12 items.
Correspondents include John Francis Mercer.


Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: In the Mercer Family Papers, 1656-1859, 569 items.
The papers include correspondence and account books of John Mercer.

  • Brown, Dorothy M. "John Francis Mercer: Two Election Broadsides, 1792." Maryland Historical Magazine 62 (June 1967): 193-96.