MIDDLETON, Arthur (1742-1787)

MIDDLETON, ARTHUR, (son of Henry Middleton [1717-1784] and father of Henry Middleton [1770-1846]), a Delegate from South Carolina; born at ``Middleton Place,'' his father's estate, on the Ashley River, near Charleston, Berkeley County, S.C., June 26, 1742; received his early education from private tutors and schools in Charleston; attended school at Hackney, Westminster School, and St. John's College, Cambridge University, in England; studied law at the Temple in London, but did not practice; returned to South Carolina in 1763 and engaged in planting; justice of the peace of Berkeley County in 1765; member of the provincial house of commons 1765-1768; again a member of the provincial house of commons 1772-1775; delegate to the provincial convention in 1774 and 1775; again justice of the peace 1776-1786; member of the council of safety in 1775 and 1776; delegate to the provincial congress which formed a state constitution in 1776; served in the Revolutionary War; held a prisoner by the British from May 1780 to July 1781 when he was exchanged and returned to South Carolina; Member of the Continental Congress 1776-1777 and 1781-1782; a signer of the Declaration of Independence; elected governor of South Carolina in 1778, but declined; member of the state house of representatives 1778-1780, 1785, and 1786; served in the state senate in 1781 and 1782; member of the privy council in 1782; member of the board of trustees of Charleston College; died at ``The Oaks,'' near Charleston, S.C., January 1, 1787; interment in the family mausoleum at ``Middleton Place,'' near Charleston, S.C.

The South Carolina Historical Society
Archives
Charleston, SC
Papers: 1767-1783, 99 items.
The papers of Arthur Middleton of South Carolina, a member of the Continental Congress, chiefly consist of correspondence and memoranda concerning both public and military affairs in Charleston (S.C.) and Philadelphia (Pa.), and such issues as the currency, the national debt, motions made in Congress, and naval and army defenses. There are also notes in code about the deliberations on the Declaration of Independence.

Papers: 1782, 1 item.
A letter from Edward Rutledge to Arthur Middleton written on April 14, 1782. In the letter, Edward Rutledge discusses family matters, the "protection gentry" of South Carolina who are reluctant to serve their country and can "live as easy under one government as another," acquaintances who were taken prisoner by the British, and the views of South Carolina Governor Mathewes concerning sequestered estates.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Microfiche: 1767-1783, 10 microfiche.
The microfiche are copies of papers housed at the South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston, South Carolina. A finding aid is available in the library.

Papers: In the Henry A. Willard II Collection, ca. 1743-1888, 625 items.
Persons represented include Arthur Middleton. A finding aid is available in the library.


The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts
New York, NY
Papers: 1781, 1 item.
A letter from Aedanus Burke to Arthur Middleton written on October 16, 1781. In the letter, Aedanus describes the battle and the British surrender at Yorktown.

Papers: 1781, 1 item.
A letter from Arthur Middleton to William Stone written on December 24, 1781.

Papers: 1782, 1 item.
A letter from Arthur Middleton to John Rose, Esq., written on July 26, 1782.


Winthrop University
Special Collections, Dacus Library
Rock Hill, SC
Papers: 1767-1783, 10 microfiche.
The microfiche are copies of papers housed at the South Carolina Historical Society, Charleston, South Carolina. A finding aid is available in the library.

  • Salley, Alexander Samuel. Delegates to the Continental Congress from South Carolina, 1774-1789. Columbia, S.C.: Printed for the Commission by the State Company, 1927.