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MIDDLETON, Henry (1717-1784)

MIDDLETON, HENRY, (father of Arthur Middleton and grandfather of Henry Middleton [1770-1846]), a Delegate from South Carolina; born at ``The Oaks,'' near Charleston, S.C., in 1717; educated at home and in England; justice of the peace and quorum 1742-1780; member of the provincial house of commons 1742-1755 and served as speaker 1745-1747, 1754, and 1755; commissioned officer of horse of the provincial forces in 1743; commissioner of Indian affairs in 1755; member of the King's Provincial Council from 1755 until his resignation in September 1770; member of the provincial convention in 1774; Member of the Continental Congress 1774-1775; served as president of that body from October 22, 1774, to May 10, 1775; member of the council of safety in 1775 and 1776; member of the Provincial Congress of South Carolina in 1775 and 1776; member of the committee to prepare a form of government in 1776; member of the legislative council under the transition government 1776-1778; member of the state senate 1778-1780; large landowner and planter in Berkeley, Colleton, and Granville Counties, residing at his estates, ``The Oaks'' and ``Middleton Place''; died in Charleston, S.C., June 13, 1784; interment in Goosecreek Churchyard, St. James Parish, Berkeley County, S.C.

  • Berquist, Harold E., Jr. "Russian-American Relations, 1820-1830: The Diplomacy of Henry Middleton, American Minister at St. Petersburg." Ph.D. diss., Boston University Graduate School, 1970.
  • ------. "Russo-American Economic Relations in the 1820's: Henry Middleton as a Protector of American Economic Interests in Russia and Turkey." East European Quarterly 11 (Spring 1977): 27-41.