MONTOYA, Joseph Manuel (1915-1978)
Senate Years of Service: 1964-1977

MONTOYA, JOSEPH MANUEL, a Representative and a Senator from New Mexico; born in Penablanca, Sandoval County, N.Mex., September 24, 1915; attended Regis College, Denver, Colo.; graduated from Georgetown University Law School, Washington, D.C., in 1938; admitted to the bar in 1939 and commenced the practice of law in Santa Fe, N.Mex.; elected to the State house of representatives in 1936, reelected in 1938, and was majority leader in 1939 and 1940; member, State senate 1940-1946, and served as majority whip; lieutenant governor 1947-1951; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1950 to the Eighty-second Congress; member, State senate 1953-1954; lieutenant governor 1955-1957; elected as a Democrat to the Eighty-fifth Congress, April 9, 1957, by special election, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Antonio M. Fernandez; reelected to the three succeeding Congresses and served from April 9, 1957, until his resignation November 3, 1964, having been elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate, November 3, 1964, to complete the unexpired term of Dennis Chavez for the term ending January 3, 1965, and at the same time elected for the six-year term ending January 3, 1971; reelected in 1970 and served from November 4, 1964, until January 3, 1977; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1976; died in Washington, D.C., June 5, 1978; interment in Rosario Cemetery, Santa Fe, N.Mex.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 3 audiotapes (1974-1975) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Clemson University
Special Collections
Clemson, SC
Papers: Correspondence in J. Fred Buzhardt papers, 1923-1984 (bulk 1973-1974).

Gerald R. Ford Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1974-1977. Correspondence and briefing papers. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Clinton Presba Anderson papers, 1938-1972. Finding aid.

National Archives and Records Administration
Center for Legislative Archives
Washington, DC
Papers: 1961. In Richard Fenno Research Interview Notes collection.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969. Finding aid.

University of New Mexico
Center for Southwest Research
Albuquerque, NM
Papers: 1913-1977 (bulk 1957-1976). 264.5 cubic feet. The papers document Montoya's career in politics, primarily in the U. S. House of Representatives and U. S. Senate. The collection contains administrative files, correspondence, legislation, reports, speeches, press releases, campaign materials, voter surveys, and news clippings arranged as follows: Biographical; Lt. Governor; U .S. House of Representatives (Administrative, Correspondence, Agencies/Departments/Committees); U.S. Senate (Watergate, IRS, Administrative, Agencies/Departments, Projects, Legislation); Correspondence; Legislative History/Voting Records; Campaigns and Elections Communications; Democratic Party/Politics; and News Clippings. Scrapbooks available on microfilm.Casework files are restricted. Finding aid available online.

  • Vigil, Maurilio, and Roy Lujan. "Parallels in the Career of Two Hispanic U.S. Senators." Journal of Ethnic Studies 13 (Winter 1986): 1-20.
  • "Joseph M. Montoya" in Hispanic Americans in Congress, 1822-2012. Prepared under the direction of the Committee on House Administration by the Office of the Historian and the Office of the Clerk, U.S. House of Representatives. Washington: Government Printing Office, 2013.