MOORE, Gabriel (1785-1845)

MOORE, GABRIEL, a Representative and a Senator from Alabama; born in Stokes County, N.C., around 1785; pursued an academic course and graduated from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1810; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1810 and commenced practice in Huntsville, Mississippi Territory; member, Mississippi and then Alabama Territorial house of representatives and served as speaker in 1817; delegate to the Alabama State constitutional convention in 1819; member, Alabama State senate 1819-1820, and served as speaker in 1820; elected to the Seventeenth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1821-March 3, 1829); was not a candidate for renomination in 1828; Governor of Alabama 1829-1831; elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1831, to March 3, 1837; chairman, Committee on Revolutionary Claims (Twenty-second through Twenty-fourth Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for election in 1836 to the Twenty-fifth Congress; moved to Caddo, Tex., in 1843, where he died in 1845; interment in Moore Family Cemetery, Caddo, Wilson County, Tex.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: 1829-1831. 11 folders and 1 letterbook. Gubernatorial papers including correspondence; extraditions and requisitions; administrative files; appointments correspondence; pardons, paroles, and clemency files; militia files; and reward files.
Additional Papers: In John Test papers, 1800-1844; 1 letter (October 18, 1831) in Alabama Secretary of State correspondence, 1830-1831; Frederick Weedon family papers, 1818-1953; 1 letter (January 29, 1825) to Samuel B. Price; and portraits.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: July 24, 1813; September 22, 1821; January 29, 1837. 3 letters. Personal and official correspondence.

  • Doss, Harriet E. Amos, "The Rise and Fall of an Alabama Founding Father, Gabriel Moore." The Alabama Review 53 (July 2000): 163-176
  • Martin, John M. "The Early Career of Gabriel Moore.'' Alabama Historical Quarterly 29 (Fall & Winter 1967): 89-105.
  • ___. "The Senatorial Career of Gabriel Moore.'' Alabama Historical Quarterly 26 (Summer 1964): 249-81.
  • Watson, Elbert L. "Gabriel Moore.'' In Alabama United States Senators, pp. 33-36. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1982.