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MORSE, Wayne Lyman (1900-1974)

MORSE, WAYNE LYMAN, a Senator from Oregon; born near Madison, Dane County, Wis., October 20, 1900; attended the public schools; graduated from the University of Wisconsin at Madison in 1923, and received a graduate degree from that institution in 1924; graduated from the law department of the University of Minnesota at Minneapolis in 1928, and from the law school at Columbia University, N.Y., in 1932; held a reserve commission as second lieutenant, Field Artillery, United States Army 1923-1929; taught argumentation at the Universities of Wisconsin and Minnesota; assistant professor of law at the University of Oregon at Eugene 1929, associate professor 1930, and dean and professor of law 1931-1944; member of the Oregon Crime Commission; administrative director, United States Attorney General's Survey of Release Procedures 1936-1939; Pacific Coast arbitrator for the United States Department of Labor (maritime industry) 1938-1942, and also served in other capacities of the Labor Department; chairman of the Railway Emergency Board 1941; alternate public member of the National Defense Mediation Board 1941; public member of the National War Labor Board 1942-1944; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1944; reelected in 1950; reelected as a Democrat in 1956 and again in 1962, and served from January 3, 1945, to January 3, 1969; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1968; lecturer and labor arbitrator; distinguished visiting scholar, State University of New York 1969-1970; unsuccessful Democratic candidate for the United States Senate in 1972; won the Democratic senatorial nomination in 1974 and was actively engaged in campaigning when he died July 22, 1974, in Portland, Oreg.; interment in Rest Haven Memorial Park, Eugene, Oreg.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: In Virginia Foster Durr papers, 1904-1991.

Broadcast Pioneers Library
University of Maryland Hornbake Library
College Park, MD
Papers: 9 audiotapes (1960-1971) in Westinghouse Broadcasting Company collection, 1945-1981.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: 1957. 29 pages. In Herbert Lehman project. Permission required to cite, quote, and reproduce.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in William Christian Lehmann papers, 1916-1980; Lawyers Committee on American Policy Towards Vietnam records, 1962-1979; and James Cummings Bonbright papers, 1921-1983.

Harvard University
Law School Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Thomas Reed Powell papers, 1905-1955; Manley Ottmer Hudson papers, 1894-1960 (bulk 1905-1960); and Mark DeWolfe Howe papers, 1933-1967.

John F. Kennedy Library
Boston, MA
Oral History: 83 pages.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in La Follette family papers, 1844-1973; and Irving Brant papers, 1910-1977. Finding aid.

Oregon Historical Society
Portland, OR
Papers: Correspondence in Donald Justus Sterling papers, 1907-1954; Richard Fagan papers, 1937-1969; Richard Morrow Steiner papers, 1933-1966; correspondence and manuscript of Smith's book The Tiger in the Senate: A Biography of Wayne Morse (1962) in Arthur Robert Smith papers, 1931-1966; and miscellaneous items in various collections.

Oregon State Archives
Salem, OR
Papers: Miscellaneous correspondence primarily with Oregon governors.

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: Correspondence in Adolph Germer papers, 1898-1966; William Benton papers, 1951-1961; Alexander Wiley papers, 1913-1967; William Morris Leiserson papers, 1901-1959; Edwin Emil Witte papers, 1905- ca.1967; David Schoenbrun papers, 1963-1978; Frank Kuel papers, 1896, 1911-1981; Wilbur J. Cohen papers, 1930-1987; William Theodore Evjue papers, 1905-1969; film interview transcript in Howard K. Smith papers, 1941-1963; and interview notes (1940s) in Hilmar Robert Baukhage papers, 1906-1962.

State University of New York
College at Plattsburgh Feinberg Library
Plattsburgh, NY
Oral History: 1 tape recording (no date) of lecture on education; 2 tapes (December 11, 1969) of lecture and press conference on Vietnam and American foreign policy; and 1 tape (December 12, 1969) of lecture on education and Congress.

Swarthmore College
Peace Collection
Swarthmore, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Another Mother for Peace records, 1964-1985.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974; Stella Brunt Osborn papers, 1916-1983; Margaret Bayne Price papers, 1918-1969; Blair Moody papers, 1928-1954; and Read Bain papers, 1893-1972. Finding aid.

University of Oregon
Eugene, OR
Papers: 1919-1969. 1,263 feet. Chiefly senatorial papers including correspondence, subject files, legislative files, speeches, campaign papers, tapes, films, and scrapbooks. Earlier material documents involvement in labor arbitration and research on Robert M. La Follette (1865-1925). Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Al Ullman papers, 1957-1980; John Ray Bruckart papers, 1909-1971; Democratic party, Oregon records, 1954-1966; John Murdock MacGregor papers, 1934-1944; International Woodworkers of America records, 1936-1987 (bulk 1959-1987); and correspondence, documents, and notes on Morse gathered for the writing of The Record of Wayne Morse (1962) in Harrison Earl Spangler papers, 1949-1964.

University of Washington Libraries
Manuscripts and University Archives
Seattle, WA
Papers: Correspondence in Richard J. Carbray papers, 1950-1985; and Brock Evans papers, 1961-1974.

University of Wyoming
American Heritage Center
Laramie, WY
Papers: Correspondence in Harry Barnard papers, 1925-1977.

Wayne State University
Walter P. Reuther Library
Detroit, MI
Papers: Correspondence in International Union, United Automobile, Aerospace, and Agricultural Implement Workers of America International Affairs Department records, 1955-1963. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Max Lerner papers, 1927-1980; and Chester Bowles papers, 1924-1973.

  • Davis, James R. "An Examination of the Views of Senator Wayne Morse on Federal Aid to Higher Education.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Michigan State University, 1969.
  • Drukman, Mason. "Oregon's Most Famous Feud: Wayne Morse versus Richard Neuberger." Oregon Historical Quarterly 95 (Fall 1994).
  • ___. Wayne Morse: A Political Biography. Portland: Oregon Historical Society Press, 1997.
  • Huitt, Ralph K. "The Morse Committee Assignment Controversy: A Study in Senate Norms.'' American Political Science Review 51 (June 1957): 313-29.
  • Morse, Harold Eugene. "An Analysis of the Published Statements of Senator Wayne Morse on Education, 1947-1965.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Washington, 1969.
  • Morse, Wayne L. "Congress and the Comprehensive Education Bill: An Exposition and a Plea.'' Journal of Higher Education 34 (March 1963): 121-28.
  • ___. "The National War Labor Board, Its Powers and Duties.'' Oregon Law Review 22 (December 1942): 1-45.
  • ___. "The National War Labor Board Puts Labor Law Theory into Action.'' Iowa Law Review 29 (January 1944): 175-201.
  • ___. "Senator Thomas C. Hennings, Jr., and Civil Rights.'' Missouri Law Review 26 (November 1961): 420-28.
  • Neal, William Patrick. "Senator Wayne L. Morse and the Quagmire of Vietnam, 1964-1968.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon, 1979.
  • Sabin, Cornelius Ayer. "The Speeches of Wayne L. Morse, 1944-1951.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Stanford University, 1957.
  • Smith, Arthur Robert. The Tiger in the Senate: The Biography of Wayne Morse. Garden City, NY: Doubleday Co., 1962.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses and Other Tributes in the Senate of the United States on the Life and Contributions of Wayne L. Morse. 93d Cong., 2d sess., 1974. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1974.
  • Unruh, G.Q. "Republican Apostate: Senator Wayne L. Morse and His Quest for Independent Liberalism.'' Pacific Northwest Quarterly 82 (July 1991): 82-91.
  • Wilkins, Lee. Wayne Morse: A Bio-Bibliography. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1985.
  • ___. "Wayne Morse: The Childhood of an American Adam.'' Journal of Psychohistory 10 (Fall 1982): 189-211.
  • Wilkins, Lillian Claire. "Wayne Morse: An Exploratory Biography.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oregon, 1982.