NORBECK, Peter (1870-1936)

NORBECK, PETER, a Senator from South Dakota; born near Vermillion, Clay County, Dakota Territory (now South Dakota), August 27, 1870; attended the public schools and the University of South Dakota at Vermillion; moved to Redfield, Spink County, S.Dak., in 1900; engaged in agricultural pursuits and in 1895 also engaged as a contractor and driller of deep water, oil, and gas wells; member, State senate 1909-1915; lieutenant governor 1915-1916; Governor of South Dakota 1917-1921; was instrumental in the establishment of the Mount Rushmore National Memorial; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1920; reelected in 1926 and 1932 and served from March 4, 1921, until his death; chairman, Committee on Pensions (Sixty-ninth Congress), Committee on Banking and Currency (Seventieth through Seventy-second Congresses); died in Redfield, S.Dak., December 20, 1936; interment in Bloomington Church Cemetery, near Platte, S.Dak.

Norwegian-American Historical Association
Northfield, MN
Papers: 1910-1936. 9 items. Speeches.

South Dakota State Historical Society
Pierre, SD
Papers: 1901-1936. 75 feet. Correspondence and papers concerning World War I, Depression, establishment of Custer State Park and Mount Rushmore, and state politics. Also 10 boxes of gubernatorial papers, 1917-1921.
Additional Papers: 3 boxes of correspondence (1921-1936) from Mrs. Norbeck to her family about life in Washington in the Nell Norbeck Wegner papers, 1921-1966. Restricted use during life of immediate family. Also 3 folders of correspondence (1916-1936) in the Frank Hughes papers; Robert Lusk papers,1902-1962; and Doane Robinson papers; and letters (1917) concerning 1st South Dakota Cavalry to Englesby the regimental commander, Senators Sterling and Johnson, and War Department officials in Charles H. Englesby papers, 1898-1939.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg papers, 1884-1974. Finding aid.

University of Missouri
Western Historical Manuscript Collections
Columbia, MO
Papers: 1921-1936. 10 folders. Transcripts. Correspondence relating to national and state politics, with special emphasis on the farm vote and the problems of farmers.

University of Oklahoma
Carl Albert Center Congressional Archives
Norman, OK
Papers: In Gilbert Courtland Fite papers, 1927-1967.

University of South Dakota
Archives and Special Collections
Vermillion, SD
Papers: 1900-1936. 79 feet. Gubernatorial, senatorial, and personal papers and correspondence, printed material, and photographs. Finding aid.

  • Fite, Gilbert C. Peter Norbeck: Prairie Statesman. Columbia: University of Missouri, 1948.
  • ___. "Peter Norbeck and the Defeat of the Nonpartisan League in South Dakota.'' Mississippi Valley Historical Review 33 (September 1946): 217-36.
  • Koupal, Nancy Tystad, ed. "Lydia Norbeck's `Recollections of the Years'.'' South Dakota Historical Collections 39 (1978): 1-147.
  • Norbeck, Peter, and George Norbeck. The Norbecks of South Dakota. Redfield, SD: n.p., 1938.
  • Olsgaard, John N. "Dakota Resources: The Peter Norbeck Papers at the University of South Dakota.'' South Dakota History 10 (Spring 1980): 147-51.
  • Pressler, Larry. "Peter Norbeck.'' In U.S. Senators from the Prairie, pp. 77-89. Vermillion, SD: Dakota Press, 1982.
  • U.S. Congress. House. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives of the United States, Together With Remarks Presented in Eulogy of Peter Norbeck, Late a Senator from South Dakota. 75th Cong., 1st sess., 1937. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1938.