PEPPER, George Wharton (1867-1961)
Senate Years of Service: 1922-1927

PEPPER, GEORGE WHARTON, a Senator from Pennsylvania; born in Philadelphia, Pa., March 16, 1867; prepared privately for college; graduated from the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1887 and from that university's law department in 1889; admitted to the bar in 1889 and commenced practice in Philadelphia, Pa.; professor of law at the University of Pennsylvania 1894-1910, and trustee of the university 1911-1961; chairman of the Pennsylvania Council of National Defense during the First World War; lecturer at Yale University 1915; member of the commission on constitutional revision in Pennsylvania 1920-1921; appointed on January 9, 1922, as a Republican and subsequently elected on November 7, 1922, to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Boies Penrose and served from January 9, 1922, to March 3, 1927; unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1926; chairman, Committee on the Library (Sixty-eighth Congress), Committee on Printing (Sixty-ninth Congress); Republican national committeeman 1922-1928; resumed the practice of law in Philadelphia, Pa.; died in Devon, Pa., May 24, 1961; interment in Old St. David's Churchyard Cemetery, Wayne, Pa.

American Catholic Historical Society
St. Charles Seminary
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Walter George Smith papers, 1775-1972. Appointment necessary.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In Hamilton M. Barksdale papers, 1892-1918; and J. Howard Pew papers, 1902-1971.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence and papers in Pennsylvania Council of National Defense records, 1917-1918.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: 1922-1927 and 1934-1956. 3 folders.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 71 items (1895-1955) of political correspondence, patronage recommendations, and biographical data contained in various collections. Finding aid.

Radcliffe College
Schlesinger Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: In Dorothy Dunbar Bromley papers, 1897-1986; and Vira Boarman Whitehouse papers, 1889-1957, available on 1 microfilm reel.

Temple University Libraries
Urban Archives
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In Joseph Krauskopf papers, 1885-1923.

University of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1910-1953. 70 cubic feet. Includes correspondence (1910-1953), speeches (1916-1956), VIP correspondence, and genealogical materials. Also ca. 150 miscellaneous items (1885-1957) including correspondence, poems and drawings, scrapbook of diplomas, certificates and citations, medals and decorations, and political and collegiate memorabilia.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Harold Phelps Stokes papers, 1908-1969; Jerome New Frank papers, 1918-1972; Edwin Montefiore Borchard papers, 1910-1950; Henry Lewis Stimson papers, 1846-1966; and Newman Smyth papers, 1874-1924.

  • Lukacs, John. "George Wharton Pepper; or, The Patrician as Pharisee.'' In Philadelphia Patricians & Philistines, 1900-1950, pp. 219-39. 1981. Reprint. Philadelphia: ISHI Publications, 1982.
  • Pepper, George W. America and the League of Nations. Edited by Sir John Macdonell and Cyril E. A. Bedwell. London: Society of Comparative Legislation, 1920.
  • ___. In the Senate, and Family Quarrels. New York: Arno Press, 1974. A reprint of 2 works, In the Senate (1930), and Family Quarrels (1931).
  • ___. Men and Issues: A Selection of Speeches and Articles. Edited by Horace Green. New York: Duffield & Company, 1924.
  • ___. Philadelphia Lawyer, an Autobiography. Philadelphia: J.B. Lippincott Co., 1944.
  • ___. "Senate Cloture.'' University of Pennsylvania Law Review and American Law Register 74 (1925-1926): 131-38.
  • ___. A Voice from the Crown. New Haven: Yale University Press, 1915.
  • ___. The Way: A Devotional Book for Boys. New York: Longmans, Green & Co., 1909.
  • Zieger, Robert. "Senator George Wharton Pepper and Labor Issues in the 1920s.'' Labor History 9 (Spring 1968): 163-83.