PICKENS, Francis Wilkinson (1805-1869)

PICKENS, FRANCIS WILKINSON, (grandson of Andrew Pickens), a Representative from South Carolina; born on a plantation on the Toogoodoo River, St. Paul's Parish, Colleton District, S.C., April 7, 1805; completed preparatory studies; attended Franklin College, Athens, Ga., and was graduated from South Carolina College (now the University of South Carolina) at Columbia; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Edgefield District in 1829; engaged in planting; member of the state house of representatives 1832-1833; elected as a Nullifier to the Twenty-third Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of George McDuffie; reelected as a Nullifier to the Twenty-fourth and Twenty-fifth Congresses and elected as a Democrat to the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses and served from December 8, 1834, to March 3, 1843; chairman, Committee on Foreign Affairs (Twenty-sixth Congress); member of the state senate 1844-1846; member of the Nashville southern convention in 1850; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1856; unsuccessful candidate for the United States Senate in 1857 to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Andrew P. Butler; Minister to Russia 1858-1860; governor of South Carolina 1860-1862; died in Edgefield, Edgefield County, S.C., January 25, 1869; interment in Edgefield Cemetery.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Clemson University
Clemson, SC
Papers: More than 10 items in the John Caldwell Calhoun papers, 1784-1888. 6 feet (ca. 3,000 items).
Index to correspondents in library. Open under library restrictions.


Duke University Library
Durham, NC
Papers: 1798-1900. 440 items and 1 volume.
Political and personal correspondence and one volume of plantation records. Card index in library.


Harvard University
Houghton Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: 1832-1834. 22 items.
Letters received concerning nullification and militia matters.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In papers of Francis W. Pickens and Milledge L. Bonham, 1837-1920. 3 containers.
Chiefly relate to governorship and Civil War. Also on microfilm (2 reels).


New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 1837-1861. 9 letters.
Personal and official correspondence. Finding aid in repository.


University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: In Evander McIvor Law collection, 1860-1864. 479 items (microfilm).
Includes official gubernatorial correspondence.

Papers: In Pickens and Dugas family papers, 1800-1889. 160 items including 1 volume.
Includes scattered personal and family correspondence. Unpublished description in library.


University of South Carolina
South Caroliniana Library
Columbia, SC
Papers: 1834-1899, 1929. 106 items and 5 volumes. In Pickens family papers, 1781-1929. 284 items.
Includes scrapbooks and account books. Finding aid in repository.

  • Edmunds, John B., Jr. Francis W. Pickens and the Politics of Destruction. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1986.
  • Pickens, Francis W. Oration Delivered Before the Euphradian and Clariosophic Societies, on the Influence of Government Upon the Nature and Destiny of Man. Columbia, S.C.: Press of Gibbes and Johnston, 1855.
  • ------. Speech of the Hon. Francis W. Pickens, of South Carolina, Delivered in the House of Representatives, on the 23rd of May, 1836. Washington: Printed by D. Green, 1836.
  • ------. Speech of Hon. F. W. Pickens, Delivered Before a Public Meeting of the People of the District, held at Edgefield C.H., S.C., July 7, 1851. Edgefield, S.C.: Printed at the Advertiser Office, 1851.
  • ------. Speech of Hon. F. W. Pickens, of South Carolina, on the Bill to Distribute the Proceeds of the Public Lands Among the States. Washington: N.p., 1841.
  • ------. Speech of Mr. F. W. Pickens of South Carolina, on the Two Per Cent. Fund, the Cumberland Road, and the Power of the Government to Make Internal Improvements. Washington: Printed by Blair and Rives, 1840.
  • ------. Speech of Mr. Pickens, of South Carolina, in the House of Representatives, January 21, 1836, on the Abolition Question. Washington: Printed by Gales and Seaton, 1836.
  • Youmans, Le Roy F. A Sketch of the Life and Services of Francis W. Pickens, of South Carolina. Charleston, S.C.: New Job Presses, 187-[?].