PULITZER, Joseph (1847-1911)

PULITZER, JOSEPH, a Representative from New York; born in Makdo, near Budapest, Hungary, April 10, 1847; received his early training from a private tutor; immigrated to the United States in 1864; enlisted as a private in the Union Army at the age of seventeen in the First Regiment, New York (Lincoln) Cavalry, in Kingston, N.Y., September 30, 1864; mustered out in Alexandria, Va., June 5, 1865; resumed civil life in St. Louis, Mo.; studied law and was admitted to practice by the supreme court of Missouri; entered journalism in 1867 as a reporter on the St. Louis Westliche Post and became managing editor and part proprietor; elected to the Missouri legislature in 1869; delegate to the Reform Republican Convention at Cincinnati in 1872; member of the State constitutional convention in 1874; founded the St. Louis Post-Dispatch December 10, 1878, and continued to own and publish it until his death; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1880; moved to New York City in the Spring of 1883 and bought the New York World; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-ninth Congress and served from March 4, 1885, until April 10, 1886, when he resigned; died aboard his yacht in the harbor of Charleston, S.C., October 29, 1911; interment in Woodlawn Cemetery, New York City.

Columbia University
New York, NY
Papers: ca. 1885-1911. 82 boxes.
Correspondence and business documents relating to Pulitzer family and operation of St. Louis Post-Dispatch.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1880-1924. 12 containers.
Correspondence, writings by and about Pulitzer, memoranda, critiques of editorials, biographical material, will, clippings, and other papers. Register.

Papers: In Joseph Pulitzer (1885-1955) papers, 1897-1955. 193 containers.
Register. Also on microfilm (170 reels).


New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: June-August 1880; 1885; January 13, 1887.
9 letters. Finding aid in repository.

  • Barrett, James Wyman. Joseph Pulitzer and his World. New York: The Vanguard Press, [1941].
  • Bates, J. Douglas. The Pulitzer Prize: The Inside Story of America's Most Prestigious Award. New York: Carol Pub. Group, 1991.
  • Brian, Denis. Pulitzer: A Life. New York: J. Wiley, 2001.
  • Coblentz, Edmond D., comp. Newsmen Speak; Journalists on Their Craft. By Joseph Pulitzer [and others], edited by Edmond D. Coblentz, and foreword by Joseph A. Brandt. 1954. Reprint, Freeport, N.Y.: Books for Libraries Press, [1968].
  • Heaton, John Langdon. The Story of a Page; Thirty Years of Public Service and Public Discussion in the Editorial Columns of the New York World. New York and London: Harper & Brothers, 1913. Reprint, New York: Arno, 1970.
  • Ireland, Alleyne. An Adventure with a Genius. 1920. Reprint, New York: E. P. Dutton & Company, Inc., [1937].
  • ------. Joseph Pulitzer; Reminiscences of a Secretary. New York: M. Kennerly, 1914.
  • Juergens, George. Joseph Pulitzer and the New York World. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1966.
  • Myers, Hortense and Ruth Burnett. Joseph Pulitzer: A Boy Journalist. Illustrated by Robert Doremus. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill, 1975.
  • Noble, Iris. Joseph Pulitzer, Front Page Pioneer. New York: Messner, [1957].
  • Pulitzer, Joseph. The School of Journalism in Columbia University. Oakland, Calif.: Acme Books, [1968].
  • Seitz, Don Carlos. Joseph Pulitzer, His Life & Letters. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1924. Reprint, New York: AMS Press, [1970].
  • Smith, Pattie Sherwood. Joseph Pulitzer, Giant of Journalism. Charlotteville, N.Y.: SamHar Press, 1973.
  • Swanberg, W.A. Pulitzer. New York: Scribner, 1967.
  • Taylor, James Bradford. Journalist, The Story of Joseph Pulitzer [microform]. N.p., 1977.
  • Wade, Mary Hazelton Blanchard. Pilgrims of To-day. Boston: Little, Brown, and Company, 1916.
  • Whitelaw, Nancy. Joseph Pulitzer and the New York World / Nancy Whitelaw. Rev. ed. Greensboro, N.C.: Reynolds Pub., 2004.
  • Zannos, Susan. Joseph Pulitzer and The Story Behind the Pulitzer Prize. Bear, Del.: Mitchell Lane Publishers, 2004.