ROOT, Erastus (1773-1846)

ROOT, ERASTUS, a Representative from New York; born in Hebron, Conn., March 16, 1773; graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., in 1793; taught school for several years; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1796 and commenced practice in Delhi, N.Y.; member of the New York state assembly, 1798-1802; elected as a Republican to the Eighth Congress (March 4, 1803-March 3, 1805); resumed the practice of law; elected to the Eleventh Congress (March 4, 1809-March 3, 1811); chairman, Committee on Claims (Eleventh Congress); appointed in 1811 a member of the commission to revise and codify the laws of New York State; served in the New York state senate, 1812-1815; successfully contested the election of John Adams to the Fourteenth Congress and served from December 26, 1815-March 3, 1817; chairman, Committee on Expenditures in the Department of War (Fourteenth Congress); again a member of the New York state assembly, 1818-1822; member of the New York state constitutional convention of 1821; lieutenant governor of New York State, 1822-1824; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1824; again became a member of the New York state assembly, 1826-1828, and in 1830, and served as speaker during the terms in 1827 and 1828; elected as a Jacksonian to the Twenty-second Congress (March 4, 1831-March 3, 1833); chairman, Committee on Agriculture (Twenty-second Congress); unsuccessful Whig candidate for election to the Twenty-sixth Congress in 1838; again served in the New York state senate 1840-1844; died on December 24, 1846, in New York City; interment in the Old (High Street) Cemetery, Delhi, N.Y.; reinterment in Woodland Cemetery, Delhi, N.Y.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: 2 letters (January 7, 1804; May 5, 1811) in the DeWitt Clinton collection.
Official correspondence. Finding aid in repository.


New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 1810-1844. 12 items.

  • Root, Erastus. An introduction to arithmetic for the use of common schools. The second edition. 1795. Reprint, Norwich: Printed and sold by Thomas Hubbard, 1796. Reprint, Boston: By I. Thomas and E. T. Andrews, (proprietors of the copyright) July, 1802.
  • ------. The speeches of General Erastus Root on the resolution of Mr. Clayton of Georgia proposing a committee of visitation to the Bank of the U.S.: Delivered on the 7th, 8th and 14th days of March, 1832 in the House of Representatives. [Washington, D.C.?: N.p., 1832].