RUSSELL, Donald Stuart (1906-1998)
Senate Years of Service: 1965-1966

RUSSELL, DONALD STUART, a Senator from South Carolina; born in Lafayette Springs, Lafayette County, Miss., February 22, 1906; moved with his family to Chester, S.C., in 1914; attended the public schools; graduated from the University of South Carolina at Columbia in 1925, and from the law school of the same university in 1928; admitted to the bar and commenced the practice of law in Union, S.C., in 1928; took graduate work in law at the University of Michigan in 1929; moved to Spartanburg, S.C., in 1930 and continued law practice until 1942; went to Washington, D.C., and worked in the War Department and as assistant to the Director of Economic Stabilization 1942-1943; served in the United States Army as a major in 1944; Deputy Director, Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, in 1945; Assistant Secretary of State for Administration 1945-1947; resumed law practice in Spartanburg, S.C.; president of the University of South Carolina 1952-1957; Governor of South Carolina from November 1962, until his resignation on April 22, 1965; was immediately appointed as a Democrat to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Olin D. Johnston and served from April 22, 1965, until November 8, 1966; unsuccessful candidate for nomination in 1966 to complete the term; United States district judge for South Carolina, until appointed United States circuit judge for the Fourth Judicial Circuit in 1971; resided in Spartanburg, S.C. until his death on February 22, 1998; interment in Greenlawn Memorial Gardens, Spartanburg, S.C..

South Carolina Department of Archives and History
Columbia, SC
Papers: January 1963-April 1965. 50 linear feet. Gubernatorial papers.

U.S. Army Military History Institute
Department of the Army
Carlisle Barracks, PA
Oral History: Topical projects, 1975-1985.

University of South Carolina
South Carolina Political Collections
Columbia, SC
Papers: Personal and senatorial papers.
Papers: 1929-1998. 29 cubic feet. Office files as president of the university and 23.75 linear feet of records, 1929-1998, arranged in five major series: Public Papers, Personal Papers, Speeches, Audio-Visual Material and Clippings. Public Papers document Russell’s service at the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, and as Assistant Secretary of State, Governor of South Carolina and U.S. Senator. The bulk of the public materials regard his Senate service and demonstrate Russell’s commitment to constituent service as well as significant work on the Post Office and Civil Service Committee and the Agriculture and Forestry Committee. Personal Papers document Russell’s interests in business, finance, charity, education and Foreign Service. Russell’s personal activities rival his public work in importance to the state; he worked particularly diligently to promote education and the welfare of children and the disabled. Public Papers, 11.25 linear feet, are arranged in the chronological order of the positions Russell held. These materials document Russell’s service as: Secretary and later Deputy Director of the Office of War Mobilization and Reconversion, 1943 to July 1945; Assistant Secretary of State, July 1945 to January 1947; Governor of South Carolina, January 1963 to April 1965; and United States Senator, April 1965 to January 1967. Related Collections: Records of the President, 1952-1957 (University Archives, USC,) Gubernatorial Records (S.C. Department of Archives & History), and in Daniel Rogers McLeod papers, 1957-1983. Finding aid available online.
Oral History 1992. pdf, 21 pages. In this 1992 interview, Russell discusses his political career and the integration of Clemson University. Oral History with Russell’s Secretary at the War Department (Truman Library).

Winthrop College Library
Rock Hill, SC
Papers: Correspondence in Jimmie Ernest Nunnery papers, 1958-1972; and Thomas Smythwick Gettys papers, 1966-1974. Finding aid.