SCHUYLER, Philip John (1733-1804)

SCHUYLER, PHILIP JOHN, (father of Philip Jeremiah Schuyler), a Delegate and a Senator from New York; born in Albany, N.Y., November 20, 1733; attended the common schools of Albany and studied under a private tutor in New Rochelle, N.Y.; served in the British Army and was commissioned captain in 1755; appointed chief commissary in 1756; resigned from the British Army in 1757; rejoined in 1758 as a major; sent to England to settle colonial claims in 1758; returned in 1763 and engaged in the lumber business in Saratoga, N.Y.; built the first flax mill in America; member, New York assembly 1768; Member of the Continental Congress 1775, 1777, and 1779-1780; appointed one of the four major generals in the Continental Army in 1775 and resigned in 1779; member, New York State senate 1780-1784, 1786-1790; elected to the United States Senate and served from July 16, 1789, to March 3, 1791; unsuccessful candidate for reelection; member, State senate 1792-1797; elected to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1797, to January 3, 1798, when he resigned because of ill health; died in Albany, N.Y., November 18, 1804; interment in Albany Rural Cemetery.

Albany Institute of History and Art
Albany, NY
Papers: 1 item (May 23, 1790) in Schuyler family papers; correspondence in Henry Manning Sage collection, 1697-1830; and William Leland Thompson collection, 1663-1900.

American Antiquarian Society
Worcester, MA
Papers: June-August 1777. 1 item. Letterbook of orders from Schuyler relating to the American retreat from the British in northeastern New York, developments in Vermont leading to the Battle of Bennington, and resistance to the British in western New York.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 8 items.

Brown University
Providence, RI
Papers: 1 item (November 1, 1789) in American Manuscripts collection.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Gouverneur Morris papers, 1768-1816, available on 5 microfilm reels.

Connecticut Historical Society
Hartford, CT
Papers: 63 items (1775-1790) in various collections. Finding aid.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: 1 letter (October 15, 1776) to Schuyler in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume, I, Miscellany, 1745-1856; 1 letter (June 29, 1775) from Schuyler in Volume III, Miscellany, 1756-1807; 1 letter ((August 23, 1781) to Schuyler and 1 letter (July 12, 1792) from Schuyler in Volume V, Miscellany, 1764-1792; 1 letter (July 23, 1780) from Schuyler in Volume IX, Miscellany, 1766-1808; and 1 letter (July 17, 1788) to Schuyler in Volume XII, Miscellany, 1769-1838. Also portraits in Volumes III and IV.

Historic Hudson Valley Library
Tarrytown, NY
Papers: Legal papers, bills, correspondence, deeds, leases and genealogy in Schuyler family papers, 1750-1850. 155 items.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 item (June 1790) in Washington-Biddle correspondence.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1775-1804. 2 containers. Available on 1 microfilm reel.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Alexander Hamilton papers, 1708-1903; George and James Clinton papers, 1776-1791; and Schenectady Committee of Correspondence, Safety, and Protection of NY, part of Peter Force papers--records of the Committee's efforts under General Schuyler, 1777-1778.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Ca. 50 letters (1775-1797) in various collections.

Minnesota Historical Society
St. Paul, MN
Papers: 1 item (February 24, 1791) in Allen K. Ford autograph collection.

Morristown National Historic Park
Morristown, NJ
Papers: 1 item (May 30, 1790) in L.W. Smith collection; and 1 item (July 4, 1790) in Park collection.

Museum of the City of New York
New York, NY
Papers: 1797. 1 letter.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: In Schuyler family papers, 1724-1809. 29 items. Includes deeds and indentures, articles of agreement, wills, receipts, and title search, pertaining especially to Philip Schuyler and family lands in New Barbadoes Neck, Bergen County, NJ.
Additional Papers: In Edwin A. Ely autograph collection, 1663-1890; William Nelson papers, 1690-1875; and Elias Dayton papers, 1759-1783.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: Ca. 350 items (1759-1804); 1 item (January 1791) in King papers; a daybook (1764-1770); and portrait.

New York Public Library
New York, NY
Papers: 6 items (August 10, 1789-January 26, 1791) in John and Philip Schuyler papers; correspondence in Jones family papers, 1695-1876; and Frederick A. De Zeng papers, 1781-1849.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: Correspondence concerning land transactions, business matters, and the Revolutionary War and government in Schuyler family papers, 1711-1823.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in John Williams papers, 1767-1841; Marinus Willett letterbook, June-September 1781; Willett family papers, 1738-1974; William H. Hill collection, 1755-1800; Alexander Hamilton papers, 1757-1804, on 46 microfilm reels of originals at Library of Congress; Harmon Pumpelly Read papers, 1692-1942; and Henry Stevens collection, 1700-1860, on microfilm.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1764-1785. 6 items.

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library
Princeton, NJ
Papers: 1 item (no date) in General manuscripts collection.

Rhode Island Historical Society
Providence, RI
Papers: 3 items (January 27-November 14, 1790) in Shepley Library collection.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1776-1784. 7 letters. Concerning Revolutionary War.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Nathaniel Pendleton family papers, 1716-1853 (bulk 1782-1817); and Church family papers, 1716-1865.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia, PA; Fort Ticonderoga Museum, Ticonderoga, NY; Mohawk-Caughnawaga Museum and Tekawitha Shrine, Fonda, NY; Rutgers University Libraries, New Brunswick, NJ; Saratoga National Historical Park, Stillwater, NY; Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA; and Ticonderoga Historical Society, Ticonderoga, NY.

  • Bush, Martin H. Revolutionary Enigma: A Re-Appraisal of General Philip Schuyler of New York. Port Washington, NY: I.J. Friedman, 1969.
  • Gerlach, Don R. Philip Schuyler and the American Revolution in New York, 1733-1777. Lincoln: University of Nebraska Press, 1964.
  • ___. Philip Schuyler and the Growth of New York, 1733-1804. Albany: University of the State of New York, Office of State History, 1968.
  • ___. Proud Patriot: Philip Schuyler and the War of Independence, 1775-1783. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1987.
  • Lossing, Benson J. The Life and Times of Philip Schuyler. 2 vols. 1872-1873. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1973.
  • Tuckerman, Bayard. Life of General Philip Schuyler, 1733-1804. 1903. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1969.