SHANKS, John Peter Cleaver (1826-1901)

SHANKS, JOHN PETER CLEAVER, a Representative from Indiana; born in Martinsburg, Va. (now West Virginia), June 17, 1826; pursued an academic course; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1848 and commenced practice in Portland, Ind., in 1849; prosecuting attorney of Jay County in 1850 and 1851; member of the State house of representatives in 1855; during the Civil War served in the Union Army as a colonel and aide-de-camp; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-seventh Congress (March 4, 1861-March 3, 1863); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1862 to the Thirty-eighth Congress; elected to the Fortieth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1867-March 3, 1875); chairman, Committee on Militia (Forty-first Congress); Committee on Indian Affairs (Forty-second Congress); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1874; resumed the practice of his profession; was again a member of the State house of representatives in 1879; died in Portland, Jay County, Ind., January 23, 1901; interment in Green Park Cemetery.

The Morgan Library
Department of Literary and Historical Manuscripts
New York, NY
Papers: 1861, 1 item.
A letter from John Peter Clever Shanks to the President written on March 7, 1861.

  • Cooper, Douglas H. Reply to charges made by J.P.C. Shanks, late chairman of the Committee on Indian Affairs, 42d Congress, 3d session, in regard to matters connected with Choctaw and Chickasaw affairs. Washington: J.L. Pearson, printer, 1873.
  • [Paine, Halbert Eleazer]. Right of John P. C. Shanks, to be admitted to the House of Representatives of the Forty-third Congress, at its organization, as the Representative of the Ninth Congressional District of Indiana. [N.p., 1874?]
  • Shanks, John Peter Clever. Indian affairs. Washington City: Judd & Detweiler, 1872.
  • ------. Vindication of Major General John C. Fremont: Against the attacks of the slave power and its allies. Washington, [D.C.]: Scammell & Co., printers, 1862.