Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
SHELDON, Lionel Allen (1828-1917)

SHELDON, LIONEL ALLEN, a Representative from Louisiana; born in Worcester, Otsego County, N.Y., August 30, 1828; moved with his parents to Lagrange, Ohio; attended the district school and Oberlin College, Ohio, 1848-1850 and was graduated from the Fowler Law School, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., in 1853; was admitted to the bar the same year and commenced practice in Elyria, Lorain County, Ohio; probate judge of Lorain County, Ohio, in 1856 and 1857; delegate to the Republican National Convention in 1856, 1880, and 1896; commissioned brigadier general of the militia by Governor Chase; served in the Union Army during the Civil War; appointed lieutenant colonel of the Forty-second Regiment, Ohio Volunteer Infantry, November 27, 1861, and promoted to the rank of colonel March 14, 1862; settled in New Orleans, La., and practiced law 1864-1879; elected as a Republican to the Forty-first, Forty-second, and Forty-third Congresses (March 4, 1869-March 3, 1875); chairman, Committee on Militia (Forty-second Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1874 to the Forty-fourth Congress; returned to Ohio in 1879; Governor of the Territory of New Mexico 1881-1885; one of the receivers of the Texas and Pacific Railway 1885-1887; moved to Los Angeles, Calif., in 1888 and engaged in the practice of law; moved to Pasadena, Calif., and died in that city January 17, 1917; remains were cremated.

Huntington Library, Art Collections, and Botanical Gardens
Western American Manuscripts
San Marino, CA
Papers: 1888, 1 letter.
A letter from L.A. Sheldon to his friend "Nelson" written on July 16, 1888. In the letter, Sheldon asks for help to solve a problem with a missing benefit certificate and non-payment of a claim. Sheldon also states that the First National Bank of Pasadena will pay on the condition that the certificate is surrendered to them. The letter is written on letterhead of "Offices of Redondo Beach Co." which has a small map of southern California showing Redondo Beach, Los Angeles and other cities. The letter includes a list of the directors of the company including Charles Silent, one of the founders of the city of Redondo Beach.


University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, CA
Papers: 1886, 6 leaves.
A letter from Lionel A. Sheldon to H.H. Bancroft written in 1886. Lionel Sheldon writes concerning the strike on the Texas & Pacific Railway, of which he and John C. Brown were receivers. The papers form part of the Hubert Howe Bancroft Collection, and are also available on microfilm.

Papers: ca. 1888, 4 folders.
Lionel A. Sheldon biographical material and essay, military genius, [1888]. The materials concern Lionel A. Sheldon's Civil War experiences, his political life in Ohio and Louisiana, his governorship of New Mexico Territory, his receivership of the Texas Pacific Railway, and his interests in Southern California. The papers are also available on microfilm.

Papers: In the John Evans Dictations: And related biographical material. Denver?, [1888?], 5 folders.
Includes a statement by Lionel A. Sheldon.

Papers: In the History of the Life of John G. Downey and material for its preparation, 1886-1889, 7 folders.
Includes correspondence with Lionel A. Sheldon. The papers are also available on microfilm.

Papers: In the Sheldon's Administration: Santa Fe, 1885, 3 leaves.
A dictation describing conditions when Lionel A. Sheldon took office as governor and improvements affected during his administration. The papers form part of the Hubert Howe Bancroft Collection. The papers are also available on microfilm.

Papers: In the Waterman Family Papers, 1839-1906, 28 linear feet.
Correspondents include Lionel A. Sheldon.


University of California, Santa Barbara
Department of Special Collections, Davidson Library
Santa Barbara, CA
Papers: In the James A. Garfield Collection,ca. 1862-1881, 0.02 linear foot
One Civil War letter (ALS) by James A. Garfield, major general in the Union Army and future President, to Colonel Lionel A. Sheldon, criticizing the President's [Abraham Lincoln's] conduct of the war and noting that "Halleck is as cold and apparently heartless as a stone about the war, McClellan will never do any more than Buell did - and nearly every man that had any positive opinions about pushing the war is either without any command or is where he can do nothing." Washington, 2 Nov. 1862. Also an extra edition of The Chronicle, 21 Sept. 1881, concerning the death of Garfield and an invitation to the "Obsequies of the Late President Garfield," to be held in San Francisco, 26 Sept. 1881.


University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: In the Henry Clay Warmoth Papers, 1798-1953, 10.5 linear feet.
Correspondents include Lionel A. Sheldon.

  • Hunt, Caleb S. Second district, Louisiana. Washington: Government Printing Office, [1870].
  • Sheldon, Lionel Allen. Improvement of the mouth of the Mississippi River. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1874.
  • ------. Revival of foreign commerce. Washington: F. & J. Rives & G. A. Bailey, 1872.