SHOUP, George Laird (1836-1904)

SHOUP, GEORGE LAIRD, (great-grandfather of Richard Gardner Shoup), a Senator from Idaho; born in Kittanning, Armstrong County, Pa., June 15, 1836; attended the public schools of Freeport and Slate Lick; moved to Illinois in 1852; engaged in agricultural pursuits and stock raising near Galesburg, Ill., until 1858; moved to Colorado in 1859; engaged in mining and mercantile pursuits until 1861; during the Civil War enlisted in an independent company of scouts and soon thereafter was commissioned a second lieutenant; scouted throughout New Mexico and Colorado and on the Canadian, Pecos, Arkansas and Red Rivers; promoted to first lieutenant; given leave of absence to attend the convention to prepare a constitution for the proposed State of Colorado in 1864; returned to active duty, commissioned colonel, and mustered out in Denver in 1864; engaged in mercantile pursuits in Virginia City, Mont., in 1866 and later in Salmon City, Idaho; Lemhi county treasurer and superintendent of schools; member, Territorial house of representatives 1874; member, Territorial council 1878; member of the Republican National Committee 1880-1884, 1888-1892; United States commissioner for Idaho at the World's Cotton Centennial Exposition in New Orleans, La., in 1884 and 1885; Governor of Idaho Territory 1889-1890; upon the admission of Idaho as a State into the Union was elected its first Governor, October 1, 1890, but resigned in December of that year, having been elected Senator; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1890; reelected in 1895 and served from December 18, 1890, to March 3, 1901; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1900; chairman, Committee on Education and Labor (Fifty-fourth Congress), Committee on Territories (Fifty-fifth and Fifty-sixth Congresses); died in Boise, Idaho, December 21, 1904; interment in the Masonic Cemetery.

Idaho State Historical Society
Boise, ID
Papers: 1862-1901. .25 foot. Diary of military campaigns (1862-1863); correspondence and receipts relating to Salmon City, Idaho, store; letter concerning Indian affairs; and record of pension cases dealt with as senator (1890-1901). Other miscellaneous items include 2 receipts (1871, 1872), and letter (1883). Gubernatorial papers include a speech (1890).
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Nez Perce Indian collection, 1929-1944; John James Burns papers, 1896-1918; Addison Taylor Smith papers, 1884-1955; and transcriptions of correspondence with the Idaho congressional delegation relative to labor troubles in Shoshone County, 1892.

Idaho State University
Pocatello, ID
Papers: 1867-1900. .2 linear foot. Letters and documents relating to Indian fighting, business methods, transportation and politics in Idaho.

University of Idaho Library
Special Collections and Archives
Moscow, ID
Papers: 1861-1899. 4 linear feet. Correspondence and business records of the Shoup Store in Salmon, ID.

Utah State Historical Society
Salt Lake City, UT
Papers: Correspondence in George Washington Bartch papers, 1884-1905.

  • Crowder, David L. "Pioneer Sketch: George Laird Shoup.'' Idaho Yesterdays 33 (Winter 1990): 18-23.
  • Lauterbach, Margaret. "A Plentitude of Senators.'' Idaho Yesterdays 21 (Fall 1977): 2-8.
  • Matthews, William Baynham. Sketch of the Life and Services of the Honorable George L. Shoup, of Idaho, in the United States Senate. Washington: B.S. Adams, 1900.
  • U.S. Congress. Statue of Hon. George Laird Shoup, Late a Senator from Idaho, Erected in Statuary Hall of the Capitol at Washington. 61st Cong., 2d sess., 1909-1910. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1910.