Library of Congress
SMITH, Hoke (1855-1931)
Senate Years of Service: 1911-1921

SMITH, HOKE, a Senator from Georgia; born in Newton, Catawba County, N.C., September 2, 1855; educated principally by his father, a professor at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill; studied law in Atlanta, Ga.; admitted to the bar in 1873 and commenced practice in Atlanta, Ga.; became owner of the Atlanta Evening Journal in 1887 and served as editor and president until 1900; appointed Secretary of the Interior in the Cabinet of President Grover Cleveland and served from 1893 to 1896; resumed the practice of law in Atlanta, Ga.; president of the Atlanta Board of Education 1896-1907; Governor of Georgia 1907-1909; unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1908; again Governor from July 1911, until his resignation in November 1911, having previously been elected Senator; elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate on July 12, 1911, to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Alexander S. Clay, but did not assume these duties until later, preferring to continue as Governor; reelected to the Senate in 1914 and served from November 16, 1911, to March 3, 1921; unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1920; chairman, Committee on Education and Labor (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses), Committee on Expenditures in the Treasury Department (Sixth-sixth Congress); resumed the practice of his profession in Washington, D.C., and Atlanta, Ga.; died in Atlanta, Ga., November 27, 1931; interment in Oakland Cemetery.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: In Wheeler family papers, 1809-1943; and Oscar Wilder Underwood papers, 1876-1962.

Atlanta History Center
Atlanta, GA
Papers: In Mary Spalding scrapbooks, 1868-1952.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Warren A. Candler papers, 1846-1977.

Georgia Department of Archives and History
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Gubernatorial papers.

Georgia Historical Society
Savannah, GA
Papers: 4 letters.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Numerous items in the Woodrow Wilson collection.

University of Georgia
Richard B. Russell Library for Political Research and Studies
Athens, GA
Papers: 1879-1931. 47 linear feet. Includes 40 letterbooks (1879-1921); 42 scrapbooks (1890-1923); and miscellaneous ledgers, accounts, legal papers; public and private correspondence; campaign material; speeches; and clippings. This represents a fraction of the original collection, the bulk of which was destroyed soon after Smith's death. Chiefly documents the last two years of his Senate service and the ten years following his retirement in 1921.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Donald McDonald Dickinson papers, 1867-1906.

University of North Carolina
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: Material on Smith's governorship and Georgia politics in the Thomas E. Watson collection.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Carrington family papers, 1749-1929.

  • Carageorge, Ted. "An Evaluation of Hoke Smith and Thomas E. Watson as Georgia Reformers.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Georgia, 1963.
  • Grant, Philip A., Jr. "Senator Hoke Smith, Southern Congressmen, and Agricultural Education, 1914-1917.'' Agricultural History 60 (Spring 1986): 111-22.
  • Grantham, Dewey W., Jr. "Hoke Smith and the New Freedom, 1913-1917.'' In Studies in Southern History in Memory of Albert Ray Newsome, 1894-1951, edited by J. Carlyle Sitterson, pp. 139-51. James Sprunt Studies in History and Political Science, vol. 39. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1957.
  • ___. Hoke Smith and the Politics of the New South. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1958.
  • ___. "Hoke Smith: Progressive Governor of Georgia, 1907-1909.''Journal of Southern History 15 (November 1949): 423-40.
  • ___. "Hoke Smith: Secretary of the Interior.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 32 (December 1948): 252-76.
  • Mellichamp, Josephine. "Hoke Smith.'' In Senators from Georgia, pp. 200-207. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.
  • Vinson, John Chalmers. "Hoke Smith.'' In Georgians in Profile: Historical Essays in Honor of Ellis Merton Coulter, edited by Horace Montgomery, pp. 303-25. Athens: University of Georgia Press, 1958.
  • ___. "Hoke Smith and the `Battle of the Standards' in Georgia, 1895-1896.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 36 (September 1952): 201-19.