SMITH, Melancton (1744-1798)

SMITH, MELANCTON, a Delegate from New York; born in Jamaica, Long Island, N.Y., May 7, 1744; was educated by his parents; engaged in business in Poughkeepsie, N.Y.; delegate to the First Provincial Congress in New York, May 22, 1775; served in the Continental Line Regiment which was organized June 30, 1775; organized and became captain of the Dutchess County Minutemen; secret service commissioner and sheriff of Dutchess County, N.Y., in 1777 and 1778; moved to New York City in 1785 and engaged in mercantile pursuits; Member of the Continental Congress 1785-1787; member of the state ratification convention at Poughkeepsie in 1788; served in the state assembly in 1791; died in New York City July 29, 1798; interment in Jamaica Cemetery, Jamaica, Queens County, N.Y.

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: 1786-1792, 1 box.
The papers of Melancton Smith contain minutes of debates, notes, memoranda, speeches, revisions, and other papers relating to the ratification and adoption of the Federal Constitution at the New York State Constitutional Convention, Poughkeepsie, N.Y., 1788 to which Melancton Smith was an anti-Federalist delegate. Also included are papers relating to the disputed George Clinton - John Jay gubernatorial election of 1792. These materials include speeches and statements by James Duane, Alexander Hamilton, Robert R. Livingston and William Morris. An unpublished inventory is available in repository.

Papers: 1789, 3 pages.
A letter from Melancton Smith to Gilbert Livingston in which Melancton Smith discusses his views on the constitution and its provisions. Melancton Smith also mentions DeWitt [Clinton?] and Smith Havens in the letter.

Papers: In the Zephaniah Platt Papers, 1745-1846, 0.25 cubic foot.
Persons represented include Melancton Smith. An unpublished guide is available in the repository.

Papers: In the Report of Canvassing Committees, 1792, 2 pages.
The report is signed by Melancton Smith, along with others.


The New-York Historical Society
Manuscript Collections
New York, NY
Papers: In the Lawrence & Smith Records, 1782, 0.8 linear foot.
The collection contains correspondence and records dating from January - March, 1782, of Jonathan Lawrence and Melancton Smith, who were contractors for supplying Continental Army posts north of Poughkeepsie (N.Y.). The posts included Fort Herkimer, Saratoga, Albany, Fort Plain, Great Barrington, and Schenectady. The collection includes letters to and from various officers and subcontractors; 104 requisitions, receipts, and victualling returns for the 2nd New Hampshire Regiment; ca. 70 accounts of provisions, forage, wood, etc., supplied to various posts; their contract, dated December 21, 1781, with Robert Morris, and contracts with various subcontractors; requisitions and receipts of Captain Henry Benson and Abraham Bloodgood; account books, instructions about ration allowances, and other miscellaneous papers.


U.S. Military Academy Library
Special Collections
West Point, NY
Papers: n.d., 1 invoice.
An invoice of sundries sent to West Point signed by Melancton Smith.

  • Smith, Melancton. An address to the people of the state of New-York: New York. Printed by Robert Hodge, 1788.