SMITH, Oliver Hampton (1794-1859)
Senate Years of Service: 1837-1843

SMITH, OLIVER HAMPTON, a Representative and a Senator from Indiana; born on Smith's Island, near Trenton, N.J., October 23, 1794; attended the common schools; moved west, eventually settling in Lawrenceburg, Ind., in 1818; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1820 and commenced practice in Connersville, Ind.; member, State house of representatives 1822-1824; prosecuting attorney for the third judicial district 1824-1825; elected to the Twentieth Congress (March 4, 1827-March 3, 1829); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1828; elected as a Whig to the United States Senate and served from March 4, 1837, to March 3, 1843; chairman, Committee on Engrossed Bills (Twenty-sixth Congress), Committee on Public Lands (Twenty-seventh Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection; moved to Indianapolis, Ind., and resumed the practice of law; declined to be a candidate for governor of Indiana in 1845; engaged in the railroad business in Indianapolis; died in Indianapolis, Ind., March 19, 1859; interment in Crown Hill Cemetery.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 14 letters in various collections including in Henry Smith Lane papers, 1788-1936; Albert G. Porter papers, 1759-1942; and Fletcher Calvin papers, 1817-1917.

Indiana State Library
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 15 letters (1828-1856) chiefly about local politics, business, and national issues in the Ewing family papers; and 16 letters (1838-1847) regarding Indian affairs, politics, and state and personal business in the Allen Hamilton papers. Finding aid.

  • Smith, Oliver H. Early Indiana Trials and Sketches. Reminiscences by Hon. O.H. Smith. Cincinnati: Moore, Wilstach, Keys & Co,. 1858.
  • ___. The Other Side of "Facts For The People,'' In Relation To a "Protective Tariff,'' "By an Indianian''. Indianapolis: Indiana State Journal, 1843.
  • ___. "Senator Smith's Reminiscences." In Indiana History: A Book of Readings, compiled and edited by Ralph D. Gray, pp. 100-106. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press, 1994. An excerpt from Early Indiana Trials and Sketches.