Connecticut Historical Society
SMITH, Truman (1791-1884)

SMITH, TRUMAN, (nephew of Nathan Smith and Nathaniel Smith), a Representative and a Senator from Connecticut; born in Roxbury, Conn., November 27, 1791; completed preparatory studies; graduated from Yale College in 1815; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1818 and commenced practice in Litchfield, Conn.; member, State house of representatives 1831-1832, 1834; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1839-March 3, 1843); chair, Committee on Public Lands (Twenty-seventh Congress); declined renomination in 1842; presidential elector on the Whig ticket in 1844; elected to the Twenty-ninth and Thirtieth Congresses (March 4, 1845-March 3, 1849), chair, Committee on Foreign Affairs (Thirtieth Congress); declined the appointment of Secretary of the Interior in the Cabinet of President Zachary Taylor; elected to the United States Senate as a Whig and served from March 4, 1849, until his resignation May 24, 1854; resumed the practice of his profession in New York City in 1854, with residence in Stamford, Conn.; appointed by President Abraham Lincoln as judge of the court of arbitration, under the treaty of 1862 with Great Britain for the suppression of the slave trade 1862-1870; retired from active business life in 1872; died in Stamford, Fairfield County, Conn., May 3, 1884; interment in Woodland Cemetery.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 2 items.

Connecticut Historical Society
Hartford, CT
Papers: 18 letters (1832-1848) in the Nelson Brewster papers, 1827-1850; and 58 letters (1818-1883) in various collections. Finding aid.

Connecticut State Library
Hartford, CT
Papers: 1849. 2 letters. From Washington, DC concerning politics.
Papers: 1811-2009 (bulk1811-1889). Personal and political papers, bill files, legal papers, speeches, clippings, editorials, and spiritual writings documenting Smith's career as a lawyer and politician together with his views on social issues including temperance. Includes correspondence between Smith and politicians, public officials, presidents, and family.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In Henry Bartholomew Cox collection, 1502-1965. Finding aid.

Litchfield Historical Society
Litchfield, CT
Papers: Personal, business, and congressional papers and correspondence (1826-1876) in various collections. Finding aid.

University of Rochester
Rush Rhees Library
Rochester, NY
Papers: 51 letters by and 9 to Smith (1848-1877) in various collections. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Fowler family papers, 1707-1870; and Wickham family papers, 1785-1958 (bulk 1814-1901). Finding aid.

  • Holt, Michael F. "Rethinking Nineteenth-Century American Political History," Congress & The Presidency 19:2 (Autumn 1992), 97-111.
  • Simon, John Y. "Lincoln and Truman Smith.'' Lincoln Herald 67 (Fall 1965): 124-30.