SMOOT, Reed (1862-1941)
Senate Years of Service: 1903-1933

SMOOT, REED, a Senator from Utah; born in Salt Lake City, Utah, January 10, 1862; moved with his parents to Provo, Utah County, Utah, in 1874; attended local schools and academies and graduated from the Brigham Young Academy (now Brigham Young University) at Provo in 1879; engaged in banking, mining, livestock raising, and in the manufacture of woolen goods; elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1902; reelected in 1908, 1914, 1920 and 1926 and served from March 4, 1903, to March 3, 1933; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1932; chairman, Committee on Patents (Sixtieth Congress), Committee on Printing (Sixty-first and Sixty-second Congresses), Committee on Public Lands (Sixty-second and Sixty-sixth Congresses), Committee on Expenditures in the Interior Department (Sixty-third through Sixty-fifth Congresses), Committee on Public Lands and Surveys (Sixty-seventh Congress), Committee on Finance (Sixty-eighth through Seventy-second Congresses); co-author of the Smoot-Hawley Tariff Act of 1930; moved to Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1933; retired from active business pursuits; served as one of the twelve apostles of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints and at the time of his death was next in line to succeed the president of the quorum and third to succeed the president; died in St. Petersburg, Fla., February 9, 1941; interment in Provo City Cemetery, Provo, Utah.

Brigham Young University
Special Collections
Provo, UT
Papers: 1880-1966. 48 linear feet. Correspondence, personal diaries, resolutions, financial records, speeches, subject files, and clippings chiefly relating to career as a senator and activities as a church leader. Finding aid.
Papers: Correspondence in John Hafen papers, 1879-1918; and certificate of appointment (March 14, 1894) as director of Territorial Insane Asylum with affidavit swearing to support the U.S. Constitution, especially the acts regarding polygamy.

Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
Salt Lake City, UT
Papers: Correspondence in James Henry Moyle papers, 1879-1945. Finding aid.

Eastern Washington State Historical Society
Spokane, WA
Papers: Correspondence in Henry Rising papers, 1898-1937.

Herbert Hoover Library
West Branch, IA
Papers: 3 folders (1921-1928); and 1 folder (1933-1959).

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1896-1928. 1 container.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives
New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: Correspondence in George C. Dyer papers, 1917-1920 (bulk 1918-1919).

Stanford University Libraries
Special Collections
Stanford, CA
Papers: In Isaac Russell papers, 1898-1927.

University of California, Berkeley
The Bancroft Library
Berkeley, CA
Papers: Correspondence in Frederick Law Olmstead papers, 1910-1916, chiefly copies relating to legislation concerning the National Park Service.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: Correspondence in William Butts Mershon papers, 1848-1943; and American Council on Alcohol Problems records, 1916-1969. Finding aid.

University of Utah
J. Willard Marriott Library
Salt Lake City, UT
Papers: 1909-1928. 34 volumes. Photocopy of diaries, volumes 4-38, available on microfilm. Originals at Brigham Young University. Also printed brochures, political speeches, and articles.
Papers: Items in Nephi Morris papers, 1885-1943; and B.H. Roberts papers, 1869-1965.

Utah State Historical Society
Salt Lake City, UT
Papers: 1892-1910. 5 items. Miscellaneous documents including petition for his exclusion from the Senate. Also letter to Smoot in Samuel Liddiard, Autobiography, 1841-1918.

Utah State University
Special Collections
Logan, UT
Papers: 1 item. Contents of testimonial taken before the Committee on Privileges and Elections of the United States Senate in the matter of the protest against the right of Hon. Reed Smoot to hold his seat. 146 pages.

Western Reserve Historical Society
Cleveland, OH
Papers: Correspondence, notes, clippings and other papers reflecting opposition to the admittance of Reed Smoot to the U.S. Senate in A.C. Williams papers, ca. 1888-1903.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Beer family papers, 1740-1981 (bulk 1827-1981); and Paul Moritz Warburg papers, 1904-1932.

  • Alexander, Thomas G. "Red Rock and Gray Stone: Senator Reed Smoot, the Establishment of Zion and Bryce Canyon National Parks, and the Rebuilding of Downtown Washington, D.C." Pacific Historical Review 72:1 (2003): 1-38.
  • ___. "Senator Reed Smoot and Western Land Policy, 1905-1920.'' Arizona and the West 13 (Autumn 1971): 245-64.
  • ___. "Teapot Dome Revisited: Reed Smoot and Conservation in the 1920s.'' Utah Historical Quarterly 45 (Fall 1977): 352-68.
  • ___. "The Conservative & Conservation: Senator Reed Smoot and America's Public Lands, 1903-1933." Beehive History (2000): 22-25.
  • Allen, James B. "The Great Protectionist, Sen. Reed Smoot of Utah.'' Utah Historical Quarterly 45 (Fall 1977): 325-45.
  • Cardon, A.F. "Senator Reed Smoot and the Mexican Revolutions.''Utah Historical Quarterly 31 (Spring 1963): 151-63.
  • Flake, Kathleen. The Politics of American Religious Identity: The Seating of Senator Reed Smoot, Mormon Apostle. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2004.
  • Heath, Harvard S. "Reed Smoot: The First Modern Mormon.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Brigham Young University, 1990.
  • ___, ed. In the World: The Diaries of Reed Smoot. Salt Lake City: Signature Books, 1995.
  • Holsinger, M. Paul. "For God and the American Home: The Attempt to Unseat Senator Reed Smoot, 1903-1907.'' Pacific Northwest Quarterly 60 (July 1969): 154-60.
  • Merrill, Milton R. Reed Smoot: Apostle in Politics. Logan: Utah State University Press, 1990.
  • Paulos, Michael Harold. "'...I am not and never have been a polygamist': Reed Smoot's Speech before the United States Senate, February 19, 1907." Utah Historical Quarterly 75 (Spring 2007): 100-115.
  • Rogers, Kristen Smart. "Another Good Man: Anthony W. Ivins and the Defeat of Reed Smoot." Utah Historical Quarterly 68 (Winter 2000): 55-75.
  • Shin, Ian. "Scoot Smoot Scoot: The Seating Trial of Senator Reed Smoot." Gaines Junction: Undergraduate Interdisciplinary Journal of History 3:1 (Spring 2005): 143-164.
  • Shipps, Jan. "The Public Image of Senator Reed Smoot, 1902-1932.'' Utah Historical Quarterly 45 (Fall 1977): 380-400.
  • Thomas, John C. "Apostolic Diplomacy: The 1923 European Mission of Senator Reed Smoot and Professor John A. Widtsoe." Journal of Mormon History 28:1 (2002): 130-165.