SOUTHARD, Samuel Lewis (1787-1842)

SOUTHARD, SAMUEL LEWIS, (son of Henry Southard and brother of Isaac Southard), a Senator from New Jersey; born in Basking Ridge, Somerset County, N.J., June 9, 1787; attended the village school; graduated from the College of New Jersey (now Princeton College) in 1804; engaged as tutor by a family near Fredericksburg, Va., in 1805; studied law and was admitted to the bar in Virginia in 1809; returned to New Jersey and commenced practice in Flemington in 1811; member, State general assembly 1815; associate justice of the New Jersey Supreme Court 1815-1820; moved to Trenton, N.J.; appointed and subsequently elected as a Democratic Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James J. Wilson and served from January 26, 1821, to March 3, 1823, when he resigned, having been tendered a Cabinet portfolio by President James Monroe; Secretary of the Navy 1823-1829; Secretary of the Treasury ad interim in 1825; Secretary of War ad interim in 1828; attorney general of New Jersey 1829-1833; Governor of New Jersey 1832-1833, when he resigned to become Senator; elected as an Anti-Jacksonian (later Whig) to the United States Senate in 1833; reelected in 1838, and served from March 4, 1833, until his death; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Twenty-seventh Congress; chairman, Committee on Naval Affairs (Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Congresses); died in Fredericksburg, Va., June 26, 1842; interment in the Congressional Cemetery, Washington, D.C.

Glassboro State College
Savitz Library
Glassboro, NJ
Papers: 1832. 1 item. 32-page eulogy for Charles Ewing.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Joel Roberts Poinsett papers, 1785-1851.

Joint Free Public Library
Morristown, NJ
Papers: 1 congressional letter (June 9, 1832) to John C. Smallwood in Autograph collection.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 Navy Department circular (January 3, 1826) in Sang autograph collection, 1751-1954.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1809-1842. 2 containers. Also correspondence in Smith Thompson papers, 1765-1831.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: Several items (1824-1830) chiefly concerning naval matters in various collections.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: 1814-1841. 12 items. Letters and documents.
Additional Papers: Correspondence and papers in John P. Jackson papers, 1824-1861; Holmes family papers, 1680-1907; Smith family papers, 1667-1960; Kinney family papers, 1783-1900; William Nelson papers, 1690-1875; Walter N. Eastburn papers, 1765-1831; Peter Dumont Vroom papers, 1820-1893; Political papers, 1761-1926; and Estate papers, 1759-1959. Finding aid.

New Jersey State Library
Trenton, NJ
Papers: Items (1832-1833) in Judiciary records.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1824-1825. 2 items.

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library
Princeton, NJ
Papers: 1785-1848 (bulk 1820-1842). 72.95 cubic feet. Correspondence relating to political affairs and legal practice; personal and family correspondence; pamphlets; broadsides; legal case files; memoranda; speeches; financial papers; journals; deeds; wills; documents relating to Cherokee Indian affairs, slavery, canals and railroads, and New Jersey affairs; and congressional publications.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Jesse D. Elliott papers, 1824-1839.

Rutgers University Libraries
Special Collections and University Archives
New Brunswick, NJ
Papers: 1822-1836. 16 letters.

Swarthmore College
Peace Collection
Swarthmore, PA
Papers: 1828-1838. 1 box. Concerning the Quaker separation.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Numerous items in various collections. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Benajah Ticknor papers, 1818-1852, available on microfilm.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Johns Hopkins University Special Collections, Baltimore, MD; Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse, NY; and University of Rochester, Rush Rhees Library, Rochester, NY.

  • Birkner, Michael J. "The General, the Secretary, and the President: An Episode in the Presidential Campaign of 1828.'' Tennessee Historical Quarterly 42 (Fall 1983): 243-53.
  • ___. Samuel L. Southard: Jeffersonian Whig. Rutherford, NJ: Fairleigh Dickinson University Press, 1984.
  • Ershkowitz, Herbert. "Samuel L. Southard: A Case Study of Whig Leadership in the Age of Jackson.'' New Jersey History 88 (Spring 1970): 5-24.