Image courtesy of the Library of Congress
STEPHENS, John Hall (1847-1924)

STEPHENS, JOHN HALL, a Representative from Texas; was born in Shelby County, Tex., on November 22, 1847; attended the common schools in Mansfield, Tarrant County, Tex.; was graduated from Mansfield College, and from the law department of Cumberland University, Lebanon, Tenn., in 1872; was admitted to the bar in 1873 and practiced in Montague, Montague County, and Vernon, Wilbarger County, Tex.; member of the State senate 1886-1888; resumed the practice of law in Vernon, Tex.; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-fifth and to the nine succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1897-March 3, 1917); chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs (Sixty-second through Sixty-fourth Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1916; moved to Monrovia, Los Angeles County, Calif., in 1917, and died there November 18, 1924; interment in East View Cemetery, Vernon, Tex.

Newberry Library
Chicago, IL
Papers: 1916, 1 item.
A photocopy of a letter from Joseph Hodges Choate to John H. Stephens, Chairman, Committee on Indian Affairs, House of Representatives, written on April 3, 1916. In the letter, Joseph Choate writes regarding legislation on Indian matters then pending in Congress. He reminds John Stephens of the federal government's continued responsibility to the Indians; reviews U.S. Indian policy, finding the current policy of individualization plausible if properly administered; and argues against three bills, the Hastings Bill (H.R. 108), Senate 3904, and Senate 4452, that would remove authority from the Interior Department and Commissioner of Indian Affairs, and place it with parties less likely to protect Indian interests. Also included is an excerpt from a March 22, 1916, letter from Seneca Indian Arthur C. Parker, a prominent archaeologist, ethnologist, museum director, and authority on Indian affairs, opposing the Hastings Bill. This copy was probably received by Edward E. Ayer, then a member of the Board of Indian Commissioners.

  • Stephens, John H. The financial bill. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1900.
  • ------. Indian appropriation bill, Speech... in the House. Washington: N.p., 1898.
  • ------. War tariff-Free zone...Speeches...in the House...April 28, and May 4, 1898. N.p., 1898.