STEVENS, Isaac Ingalls (1818-1862)

STEVENS, ISAAC INGALLS, (cousin of Charles Abbot Stevens and Moses Tyler Stevens), a Delegate from the Territory of Washington; born in North Andover (then a part of Andover), Essex County, Mass., March 25, 1818; attended Phillips Academy, Andover, Mass., and was graduated from the United States Military Academy at West Point in 1839; entered the Corps of Engineers and served on the staff of General Scott in Mexico; assistant in charge of the Coast Survey Office in Washington, D.C.; organized and commanded the northern Pacific exploration party which explored and surveyed the route for a railway from St. Paul to Puget Sound in 1853; resigned his commission as major in the Corps of Engineers to become Governor; Governor of the Territory of Washington from 1853 to 1857; was a candidate for the Democratic nomination to Congress in 1855, but withdrew; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-fifth and Thirty-sixth Congresses (March 4, 1857-March 3, 1861); was not a candidate for renomination in 1860; delegate to the Democratic National Conventions at Charleston and Baltimore in 1860; during the Civil War entered the Union Army as a colonel of the Seventy-ninth New York Highlanders; appointed brigadier general and later major general in command of a division; killed at the Battle of Chantilly, Virginia, September 1, 1862; interment in Island Cemetery, Newport, R.I.

Washington State Historical Society
Tacoma, WA
Papers: In papers of Isaac Ingalls Stevens and Hazard Stevens, 1835-1929. 173 items.
Includes correspondence, official papers, speeches, pamphlets, photographs, maps, and clippings. Unpublished inventory in library. Restricted.


Washington State Library
Olympia, WA
Papers: In Washington (Territory) Governor correspondence, 1853-1855, 1889. 2 volumes.
Letter press books of official correspondence.


University of Washington
Manuscripts and University Archives Division
Seattle, WA
Papers: 1835-1862. 5 feet (ca. 1,750 items, 3 volumes, and 10 reels of microfilm).
Correspondence, Mexican War diary, documents, and writings. Microfilm of originals in Yale University and National Archives. Unpublished finding aid in library. Also on microfilm (4 reels) with guide. Open under library restrictions.


Yale University
Beinecke Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New Haven, CT
Papers: In William Winlock Miller papers, 1845-1958.
8 feet. Unpublished register in library.

  • Doty, James. Journal of operations of Governor Isaac Ingalls Stevens of Washington Territory in 1855Edited by Edward J. Kowrach. Fairfield, Wash.: Ye Galleon Press, 1978.
  • Hazard, Joseph Taylor. Companion of Adventure: A Biography of Isaac Ingalls Stevens, First Governor of Washington Territory. Portland, Oreg.: Binfords, 1952.
  • Meinig, D. W. "Isaac Stevens: Practical Geographer of the Early Northwest." Geographical Review 45 (October 1955): 542-58.
  • Mills, Hazel E. "Governor Isaac I. Stevens and the Washington Territorial Library." Pacific Northwest Quarterly 53 (January 1962): 1-16.
  • Richards, Kent D. Isaac I. Stevens: Young Man in a Hurry. Salt Lake City: Brigham Young University Press, 1979. Reprint, Pullman, Wash.: Washington State University Press, 1993.
  • Stevens, Hazard. The Life of Isaac Ingalls Stevens, by his son, Hazard Stevens. Boston and New York: Houghton, Mifflin and Company, [1900].
  • Stevens, Isaac Ingalls. Address on the Northwest, before the American Geographical and Statistical Society, delivered at New York, December 2, 1858. Washington: G. S. Gideon, printer, 1858.
  • ------. Campaigns of the Rio Grande and of Mexico. With notices of the recent work of Major Ripley. By Brevet-Major Isaac I. Stevens, U.S. Army. New York: D. Appleton and Co., 1851.
  • ------. A circular letter to emigrants desirous of locating in Washington Territory. Washington: G.S. Gideon, printer, 1858.
  • ------. Isothermal chart between the Atlantic and Pacific Ocean. New York: N.p., 1850. Reprint, [N.p.: C.B. Graham, Lith., 1887].
  • ------. Pacific Railroad. [Washington: Congressional Globe Office, 1858].
  • ------. Pacific Railroad Northern Route. Letter... to the railroad convention of Washington and Oregon. [N.p.], 1860.
  • ------. Preliminary sketch of the Northern Pacific Rail Road exploration and survey. Phila[delphia]: N.p., [1855].
  • ------. Report of exploration of a route for the Pacific Railroad, near the 47th and 49th parallels, from St. Paul to Puget Sound. [Washington: N.p., 1855].
  • ------. Speech of Hon. Isaac I. Stevens, delegate from Washington Territory, on the Washington and Oregon War Claims. Delivered in the House of Representatives of the United States, May 31, 1858. Washington: Printed by L. Towers, 1858.
  • ------. Speech of Hon. Isaac I. Stevens, of Washington Territory, on the Indian war expenses of Washington and Oregon. Delivered in the House of Representatives, February 21, 1859. Washington: Printed by L. Towers, 1859.
  • ------. A true copy of the record of the official proceedings at the council in the Walla Walla Valley, 1855. Edited by Darrell Scott. Fairfield, Wash.: Ye Galleon Press, 1985.
  • ------. Vindication of Governor Stevens, for proclaiming and enforcing martial law in Pierce County, W. T. [Olympia: W. T.], 1856.
  • ------. War expenses of Washington and Oregon territories. Remarks of Hon. Isaac I. Stevens ... made before the Committee of Military Affairs of the House, Friday, March 15, 1860. Washington: T. McGill, printer, 1860.