Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
STEVENS, Thaddeus (1792-1868)

STEVENS, THADDEUS, A Representative from Pennsylvania; born in Danville, Caledonia County, Vt. April 4, 1792; attended Peacham Academy and the University of Vermont at Burlington; was graduated from Dartmouth College, Hanover, N.H., in 1814; moved to Pennsylvania in 1815; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1816 and commenced practice in Gettysburg; member of the State house of representatives 1833-1835, 1837, and 1841; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1838; appointed as a canal commissioner in 1838; moved to Lancaster, Pa., in 1842; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-first and Thirty-second Congresses (March 4, 1849-March 3, 1853); elected as a Republican to the Thirty-sixth and to the four succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1859, until his death; chairman, Committee on Ways and Means (Thirty-seventh and Thirty-eighth Congresses), Committee on Appropriations (Thirty-ninth and Fortieth Congresses); one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1868 to conduct the impeachment proceedings against Andrew Johnson, President of the United States; died in Washington, D.C., on August 11, 1868; lay in state in the Rotunda of the U.S. Capitol, August 13-14, 1868; interment in Shreiner's Cemetery, Lancaster, Pa.

Dartmouth College Library
Rauner Special Collections Library
Hanover, NH
Papers: 1819-1868, 14 items.
Includes correspondence between Thaddeus Stevens and Dartmouth College, John O'Brien, and William P. Fessenden. Also includes an address or essay written for Thaddeus Stevens's graduation from Dartmouth dated July 9, 1814.

Harvard University
Houghton Library
Cambridge, MA
Papers: ca. 1835-1935, 0.5 linear foot.
Contains correspondence of Thaddeus Stevens concerning politics, legal affairs, and his iron business, as well as correspondence with his nephews. Also includes accounts, photographs, and printed materials. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository as well as online.

Historical Society of Washington, D.C.
Washington, DC
Papers: 1864, 1 item.
A letter of recommendation for Jacob C. Miller from Thaddeus Stevens to Gideon Welles written on January 11, 1864.

Papers: In the Richard L. and Vinnie Ream Hoxie Papers, 1862-1921, 0.25 linear foot.
Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Papers: In the Thaddeus Stevens Elementary School Centennial Collection, 1954-1977, 1 folder.
Representatives from municipalities and institutions with ties to Thaddeus Stevens were asked to send a letter to the Principal of Stevens Elementary School, Lydia C. Williams, on the occasion of the school's 100th anniversary. Included are letters from the Gettysburg (Pa.) National Bank, the Pittsburgh Public Schools, the Thaddeus Stevens Trade School (Lancaster, Pa.), the Thad Stevens School (Pittsburgh, Pa.), municipalities of Danville, St. Johnsbury, and Peacham (Vt.), the University of Vermont (Burlington), Lincoln Intermediate Unit No.12 school (New Oxford, Pa.), and Gettysburg College, from which there is also a photograph of Stevens Hall, "now used as a women's dormitory." A 1971 press release from William H. Waters, public relations counselor with the D.C. Board of Education, notes that a Thaddeus Stevens portrait was presented to the school and provides a biographical sketch of Stevens. The collection also includes photocopies of articles about Stevens from two biographical encyclopedias; a clipping from the Washington Afro-American, 1 January 1977, "Letter to Amy Carter: ex-pupil tells President's daughter about her new school: Stevens"; and photocopies of three student essays on Thaddeus Stevens (one by Signe L. Wagnild, dated 20 May 1954; one by Kitty Wenschhof, undated; one lacking name and date).

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1811-1928. 3.2 linear feet (8 containers).
The Thaddeus Stevens collection consists principally of correspondence supplemented by speeches, legal, business, and financial records, biographical material, printed matter, and other papers relating chiefly to Stevens's service in the U.S. Congress and to family and business affairs. The collection documents his involvement in Pennsylvania state politics and national politics, the anti-Masonic movement, and the Whig and Republican Parties. The largest portion of the correspondence centers on issues surrounding the Civil War and its aftermath. Family correspondence consists of letters from his mother Sarah Morrill Stevens and brothers in the earlier years, and then from his nephews and nieces. A finding aid is available in the repository.

Papers: In the Joshua R. Giddings Papers, 1821-1866, 2.5 cubic feet.
Other authors include Thaddeus Stevens. An inventory is available in the repository.

Papers: In the Edward McPherson Papers, 1738-1936, 23 feet.
Includes estate papers and research papers for a biography of Thaddeus Stevens.

The Morgan Library
Literary & Historical Manuscripts
New York, NY
Papers: 1838, 1 item.
A letter from Thaddeus Stevens to N. Biddle dated August 27, 1838. The letter concerns the election of railroad officers.

National Archives and Records Administration
Center for Legislative Archives
Washington, DC
Papers: In the records of the Committee on Ways and Means, 37th Congress, amount unknown.
The records include private correspondence of Thaddeus Stevens (37A-E20.16).

New York State Library
Manuscripts and Special Collections
Albany, NY
Papers: In the Autographs of American authors and statesmen collection, ca. 1770-1865, 1 box.
Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens. An unpublished inventory is available in the repository.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Pennsylvania State Archives
Harrisburg, PA
Papers: 1833-1865, 0.2 cubic foot.
Includes correspondence from Thaddeus Stevens concerning business and personal matters.

Pennsylvania State University
Special Collections Library, Paterno Library
University Park, PA
Papers: In the Charlotte Hanes Harding Autographs Collection, 1744-1928, 0.45 cubic foot.
Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Papers: In the Autographs Collection, 1682-1972, 0.45 cubic foot.
The collection is in the Historical Collections and Labor Archives, University Libraries. Other authors include Thaddeus Stevens. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Temple University Libraries
Special Collections
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the Collection of autographed American correspondence, 1832-1969, 35 items.
Correspondents include Thaddeus Stevens. A shelf list is available in the repository.

Texas Tech University
Lubbock, TX
Papers: n.d., 1 page.
A letter from Thaddeus Stevens to T.O. Brian concerning a bill to a coal company.

University of Chicago Library
Butler-Gunsaulus Collection
Chicago, IL
Papers: 1834, 1 item.
A letter from Thaddeus Stevens to Morrill Stevens written on June 28, 1934. In the letter, Thaddeus Stevens writes that he has received numerous requests asking him to be the Antimasonic Party's gubernatorial candidate. He also refers to an investment he made in the iron business.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department
Iowa City, IA
Papers: 1850, 1 item.
A letter from Thaddeus Stevens to Dr. A. [?]lps on March 13, 1850. In the letter, Thaddeus Stevens gives his thanks for a letter of approval.

Papers: In the John B. Barton Papers, 1866, 1 item.
A letter from John B. Barton to the Honorable Thaddeus Stevens written on September 28, 1866. In the letter, John Barton refers to the possible complicity of Mr. Davis in the assassination of President Lincoln.

Papers: In the James Gillespie Blaine Papers, 1860, 1 item.
A letter from James Gillespie Blaine to W.P. Fessenden written on February 26, 1860. The letter concerns James Blaine's support of W.P. Fessenden at the Republican National Convention and regards other possible candidates. Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens.

University of Wyoming Library
Laramie, WY
Microfilm: 1813-1869, 5 linear feet.
Microfilm of the manuscript collection housed in the Library of Congress, Manuscript Division.

Yale University
Manuscripts and Archives, Sterling Memorial Library
New Haven, CT
Papers: In the William Smith Mason Autograph Collection, 1800-1929, 0.25 linear foot.
Subjects covered include Thaddeus Stevens. An unpublished finding aid is available in the repository.