STRONG, Caleb (1745-1819)

STRONG, CALEB, a Senator from Massachusetts; born in Northampton, Mass., January 9, 1745; studied under private tutors; graduated from Harvard College in 1764; studied law; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in 1772; Northampton selectman; member of the committee of correspondence and safety throughout the Revolution; member, State house of representatives 1776-1778; member, State senate 1780-1788; county attorney 1776-1800; elected to the Continental Congress in 1780, but did not attend; member of the national convention in Philadelphia which framed the Constitution of the United States; member of the Massachusetts constitutional convention which ratified the Constitution of the United States; elected to the United States Senate in 1789; reelected in 1793, and served from March 4, 1789, to June 1, 1796, when he resigned; Governor of Massachusetts 1800-1807, 1812-1816; died in Northampton, Mass., November 7, 1819; interment in Bridge Street Cemetery.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 12 items including 1 item (January 5, 1790) in Chamberlain collection.

Chicago Historical Society
Chicago, IL
Papers: April 25, 1789. 1 item.

Forbes Library
Northampton, MA
Papers: 1775-1819. 139 items. Correspondence about national affairs, addresses, deeds, indentures, biographical and genealogical material. 15 items relate to Shays' rebellion. Includes letters from Strong's colleagues in the U.S. Senate. Finding aid.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1791-1852. 4 items.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: 1657-1818. 102 items. Official correspondence chiefly relating to the Senate and to Massachusetts politics, together with a few family and estate papers and portraits. Finding aid.

Massachusetts State Archives
Boston, MA
Papers: 3 items (January 12, 1789-1790) in Miscellaneous legislative papers.

Morristown National Historic Park
Morristown, NJ
Papers: 1 item (March 23, 1790) in Lloyd W. Smith collection.

New York Public Library
New York, NY
Papers: 1 item (1789) in Miscellaneous papers.

New York Society Library
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Goodhue family papers, ca. 1622-1895 (bulk 1770-1850).

Peabody Essex Museum
Salem, MA
Papers: 1 letter (May 7, 1789) in Tucker family papers, 1680-1878.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: May 16, 1789. 1 item.

Rhode Island Historical Society
Providence, RI
Papers: 2 items (February 28, 1790; June 3, 1790) in Foster papers.

Western Reserve Historical Society
Cleveland, OH
Papers: In Strong family papers, 1816-1917.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: February 6-27, 1790. 3 items. Also in Dwight family papers, 1713-1937.

  • Lodge, Henry Cabot. A Memoir of Caleb Strong, United States Senator and Governor of Massachusetts, 1745-1818. Cambridge: Press of J. Wilson & Son, 1879.