STUART, John Todd (1807-1885)

STUART, JOHN TODD, a Representative from Illinois; born near Lexington, Ky., November 10, 1807; was graduated from Centre College, Danville, Ky., in 1826; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1828 and commenced practice in Springfield, Sangamon County, Ill.; subsequently became a law partner of Abraham Lincoln; major in the Black Hawk War in 1832; member of the State house of representatives 1832-1836; unsuccessful candidate for election in 1836 to the Twenty-fifth Congress; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-sixth and Twenty-seventh Congresses (March 4, 1839-March 3, 1843); was not a candidate for renomination in 1842; member of the State senate 1848-1852; was the unsuccessful Constitutional-Union candidate for Governor of Illinois in 1860; elected as a Democrat to the Thirty-eighth Congress (March 4, 1863-March 3, 1865); resumed the practice of law; died in Springfield, Sangamon County, Ill., November 28, 1885; interment in Oak Ridge Cemetery.

Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library
Springfield, IL
Papers: 1829-1886. 2 1/2 inches. In various collections.
Legal documents, 1829-1864 and 1869 (primarily 1820's-1830's), concerning his work as an attorney and in partnership with Abraham Lincoln, Henry E. Dummer, Benjamin S. Edwards, and others. Also includes an account book, 1869-1886, of Stuart, Edwards & Brown. Photographs. Finding aid in repository.

Papers: In Stuart-Hay family papers, 1817-1892. 5 inches.
Includes his correspondence with family members, which gives an excellent picture of Springfield social life 1830-1870; his correspondence with friends and associates contains numerous references to Lincoln before Lincoln's election and after he went to Washington. Scattered items refer to Stuart's congressional years. Finding aid in repository.

  • Angle, Paul M., and Robert P. Howard, comps. One Hundred Fifty Years of Law: An Account of the Law Office Which John T. Stuart Founded in Springfield, Illinois, a Century and a Half Ago. Springfield, Ill.: Brown, Hay and Stephens, 1928. Reprint, Springfield, Ill.: Brown, Hay, and Stephens, 1978.
  • Pratt, Harry E. (Harry Edward). The Repudiation of Lincoln's War Policy in 1862: Stuart-Swett Congressional Campaign. Chicago, Ill.: Illinois State Historical Society, 1931.