TEST, John (c 1781-1849)

TEST, JOHN, a Representative from Indiana; born in Salem, N.J., circa 1781; moved to Philadelphia, Pa., and attended the common schools; moved to Fayette County, Pa., and operated Fayette Chance Furnace for several years; moved to Cincinnati, Ohio, and then to Brookville, Franklin County, Ind., and operated a grist mill; studied law; was admitted to the bar and began practice in Brookville, Ind.; held several local offices; judge of the third district circuit 1816-1819; elected as a Jackson Republican to the Eighteenth Congress and reelected as an Adams candidate to the Nineteenth Congress (March 4, 1823-March 3, 1827); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1826 to the Twentieth Congress; elected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-first Congress (March 4, 1829-March 3, 1831); presiding judge of the Indiana circuit court; moved to Mobile, Ala., and resumed the practice of law; died near Cambridge City, Wayne County, Ind., October 9, 1849; interment in Cambridge City, Ind.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: 1800-1844, 0.33 cubic foot.
The papers of John Test contain mainly legal documents concerning land claims in the Mobile (Ala.) area, dating from the Spanish period. Included in the case notes is the contention that the U.S. did not gain title to property in West Florida, only sovereignty from Spain, various arguments before the U.S. Senate, and correspondence in Spanish, French, and English. The collection also includes some financial receipts, plat maps of Mobile, and printed materials such as bills before the U.S. Congress. Some correspondence and notes in French and Spanish.


Dartmouth College Library
Rauner Special Collections Library
Hanover, NH
Papers: 1833, 2 pages.
A letter from John Test to Daniel Webster written on June 19, 1833. In the letter, John Test invites Daniel Webster to visit him.

  • Test, John. Speech of Mr. Test, of Indiana, on the bill from the Senate for the removal of the Indians. Washington: Printed by Way and Gideon, 1830.