THAYER, Martin Russell (1819-1906)

THAYER, MARTIN RUSSELL, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in Dinwiddie County, near the city limits of Petersburg, Va., January 27, 1819; attended the Mount Pleasant Classical Institute in Amherst, Mass., and Amherst College; moved with his father to Philadelphia, Pa., in 1837; was graduated from the University of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia in 1840; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1842 and commenced practice in Philadelphia; commissioner to revise the revenue laws of Pennsylvania in 1862; elected as a Republican to the Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congresses (March 4, 1863-March 3, 1867); chairman, Committee on Private Land Claims (Thirty-eighth and Thirty-ninth Congresses); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1866; resumed the practice of law; judge of the district court of Philadelphia 1867-1874; president judge of the court of common pleas of Philadelphia from 1874 until his resignation in 1896; elected by the judges of the common pleas court prothonotary of Philadelphia in 1896; also engaged in literary pursuits; died in Philadelphia, Pa., October 14, 1906; interment in St. James the Less Church Cemetery.

The Huntington Library
San Marino, CA
Papers: In the Francis Lieber Papers, ca. 1815-1888, approximately 6,000 pieces.
Correspondents include Martin Russell Thayer. An unpublished finding aid is available in the library.

  • Thayer, Martin Russell. An address delivered at the centennial celebration of the battle of Germantown. Philadelphia: Collins, printer, 1878.
  • ------. An address delivered at the opening of the library of Christian Hall, Chestnut Hill. Philadelphia: Kay & brother, 1871.
  • ------. The Philippines. What is demanded of the United States by the obligations of duty and national honor. Philadelphia: N.p., 1898.
  • ------. The real founder of Fairmount Park. A unilateral correspondence ... Philadelphia: Dunlap Printing Co., 1903.
  • ------. Reconstruction of Rebel states. [Washington: Pirnted by L. Towers, 1864.]
  • ------. A reply to Mr. Charles Ingersoll's "Letter to a friend in a slave state." Philadelphia: C. Sherman & Son, printers, 1862.
  • ------. Speech of Hon. M. Russell Thayer, of Pennsylvania, in the House of Representatives, March 2, 1866, on the bill to protect all persons in the United States in their civil rights and to furnish the means for their vindication. [Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1866.]
  • ------. Speech of Hon. M. Russell Thayer, of Pensylvania [!] in the House of Representatives of the United States. Washington: McGill & Witherow, printers, 1864.
  • ------. Speech of M. Russell Thayer, for the defence, in the case of The commonwealth against Thomas Washington Smith, in the Court of oyer and terminer of Philadelphia County, January 16, 1858. Reported by Charles Collis and John P. Green. Philadelphia: Robb, Pile & M'Elroy, printers, 1858.