Image courtesy of Library of Congress
THROCKMORTON, James Webb (1825-1894)

THROCKMORTON, JAMES WEBB, a Representative from Texas; born in Sparta, White County, Tenn., on February 1, 1825; attended the common schools; moved with his father to Collin County, Tex., in 1841; studied medicine in Princeton, Ky., and practiced in Collin County; served as surgeon during the Mexican War; studied law; was admitted to the bar and commenced practice in McKinney, Collin County, Tex.; member of the State house of representatives 1851-1856; served in the State senate 1856-1861; member of the secession convention of Texas in 1861; during the Civil War served as captain and major in the Confederate Army from the spring of 1861 until November 1863; brigadier general of State troops in 1864 and commander on the northwest border of the State; again a member of the State senate in 1865; delegate to the reconstruction convention under President Johnson's proclamation and chosen the presiding officer of that body in 1866; elected Governor of Texas and was inaugurated August 8, 1866; removed by order of General Sheridan August 9, 1867; resumed the practice of law in Collin County, Tex.; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-fourth and Forty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1875-March 3, 1879); chairman, Committee on Pacific Railroads (Forty-fifth Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1878; resumed the practice of his profession; elected to the Forty-eighth and Forty-ninth Congresses (March 4, 1883-March 3, 1887); chairman, Committee on Pacific Railroads (Forty-ninth Congress); declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1886; unsuccessful candidate for election as United States Senator in 1881; resumed the practice of law; delegate to the Democratic National Convention in 1892; died in McKinney, Collin County, Tex., April 21, 1894; interment in Pecan Grove Cemetery.

The Morgan Library and Museum
Literary and Historical Manuscripts
New York, NY
Papers: 1879, 1 item.
A letter from J.W. Throckmorton to Charles Devens, written on February 22, 1879. In the letter, Throckmorton recommends Samuel C. Upshaw for U.S. District Attorney for the new Federal District of Texas. The letter is also signed by R.F. Mills.

Papers: 1879, 1 item.
A letter from J.W. Throckmorton to President Hayes, written on July 21, 1879. In the letter, Throckmorton recommends Thomas J. Brown for a judgeship in Texas. On the verso are autograph endorsements of Brown by Senator Maxey and Senator Coke. The letter is also signed by Representative D.C. Giddings, and Representative D.B. Culberson.


Texas State Library and Archives Commission
Archives Division
Austin, TX
Papers: ca. 1857-1940, 0.24 cubic foot.
The James W. Throckmorton collection includes incoming correspondence, speeches, canceled checks, insurance policies, and newspaper clippings. Records date from 1857 to 1940. Except for some of the newspaper clippings, all papers are from James W. Throckmorton and his wife, Annie, and date from 1857 to 1897. Most of the correspondence dates from his early political career as a Texas legislator and as governor. Speeches are primarily from his years in the U.S. House of Representatives, on such topics as reorganization of the army and the Indian Bureau. The newspaper clippings relate to the Throckmorton family.

Papers: In the Governor Throckmorton records, 1866-1867, 1.18 cubic feet.
The records document Governor James Throckmorton's term in office. Included is correspondence, petitions, and lists, dating from October 1866 to December 1867. Although the majority of the records are incoming letters, several outgoing letters are found. Much of the confusion that accompanied the imposition of military rule in reconstructing Texas in March 1867 is reflected in the correspondence. Letters directly to Throckmorton from military authorities exist in abundance, as well as copies of military correspondence forwarded to the governor's office. Letters of Generals Sheridan, Griffin, and Kiddoo concerning the activities of federal troops and the Freedmen's Bureau constitute a large portion of the materials. Other topics deal with applications and recommendations for appointments to office, requests for military protection against Indian depredations, reports of violence, requests to raise companies for frontier protection, letters relating to the physical and financial condition of railroads and reports of vacancies in county offices.

Papers: In the Texas Applications for Special Pardons, 1865-1867, 3 cubic feet.
Governors represented include J.W. Throckmorton.

Papers: In the Governor Pendleton Murrah records, 1863-1865, 2.25 cubic feet.
Correspondents include Brigadier General J.W. Throckmorton.


University of Texas at Austin
Briscoe Center for American History
Austin, TX
Papers: 1838-1888, approximately 2 feet.
The papers of J.W. Throckmorton document his activities as Governor and U.S. Representative. The papers contain correspondence, scrapbooks, letter books, broadsides, and eulogy, relating to . A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Papers: In the Edward Alexander Parsons collection, 1678-1928, approximately 7 feet.
Persons represented include J.W. Throckmorton.

Papers: In the Texas Adjutant General's Office Records, 1838-1889, 11 inches.
Persons represented include J.W. Throckmorton.

  • Elliott, Claude. Leathercoat, The Life History of a Texas Patriot. San Antonio: Standard Printing Co., 1938.
  • Howell, Kevin Wayne. Texas Confederate, Reconstruction Governor: James Webb Throckmorton. College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, 2008.