TOOMBS, Robert Augustus (1810-1885)
Senate Years of Service: 1853-1861

TOOMBS, ROBERT AUGUSTUS, A Representative and a Senator from Georgia; born in Wilkes County, Ga., July 2, 1810; attended the University of Georgia at Athens and graduated from Union College, Schenectady, N.Y., in 1828; studied law at the University of Virginia at Charlottesville; admitted to the bar and commenced practice in Washington, Wilkes County, Ga., in 1830; commanded a company in the Creek War in 1836; member, State house of representatives 1837-1840, 1841-1843; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-ninth and to the three succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1845-March 3, 1853); elected as a Democrat to the United States Senate in 1852; reelected in 1858 and served from March 4, 1853, to February 4, 1861, when he withdrew; seat declared vacant by Senate resolution on March 4, 1861; member of the State sovereignty convention at Milledgeville, Ga., in 1861; during the Civil War served in the Confederate Provisional Congress; Secretary of State of the Confederate States; brigadier general in the Confederate Army; in order to avoid arrest at the end of the Civil War, fled to Havana and then to London; returned to his home in Washington, Ga., in 1867; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1877; died in Washington, Ga., December 15, 1885; interment in Rest Haven Cemetery.

Alabama Department of Archives and History
Montgomery, AL
Papers: Correspondence in William Lowndes Yancey papers, 1834-1941; and in Confederate Officers photograph album.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 1 letter.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: 1846-1881. 25 items. Political and personal correspondence, and photographs.

Emory University
Robert W. Woodruff Library
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Correspondence in the Alexander Hamilton Stephens papers, 1826-1935. Finding aid.

Filson Club Historical Society
Louisville, KY
Papers: 1854. 1 letter.

Georgia Department of Archives and History
Atlanta, GA
Papers: In File II Names, primarily incoming correspondence to the governor of Georgia. Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in James Longstreet papers, 1838-1899; and James Madison Spullock papers, 1831-1876.

Georgia Historical Society
Savannah, GA
Papers: 1834-1871. 58 items. Chiefly legal documents concerning court cases including petitions, writs, and promissory notes, and 3 letters (1859-1871). Finding aid.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in McDonald-Lawrence family papers, 1710-1937.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 2 letters (April 17, 1834; June 25, 1877) in Sang-Lee Civil War collection, 1834-1906.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1834-1862. 12 items. Also mentioned in Raphael Jacob Moses autobiographical manuscript, [ca. 1890-1893].

New York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: Correspondence in John S. Maxwell papers, 1830-1863.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 3 items (1862 and no date); and 4 letters (1857-1861) on political topics in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 letter (September 2, 1858) to John Pettit; and correspondence in Commissioners of the Confederate States of American to the Government of the United States letterbook, (February 27-April 11, 1861).

State Historical Society of Wisconsin
Archives Division
Madison, WI
Papers: Correspondence in John Givan Davis papers, 1800-1889.

University of Georgia
Hargrett Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts
Athens, GA
Papers: 1837-1881. 265 items. Chiefly letters concerning the Confederacy, some relating to the University of Georgia.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in Georgia Democratic party records, 1861-1905; and Joseph Henry Lumpkin papers, 1748-1919.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department
Iowa City, IA
Papers: April 26, 1854. 1 letter. From Augustus Caesar Dodge.

University of Michigan
William L. Clements Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: In Toombs family papers, 1778-1849. 200 items.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in various collections. Finding aid.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: In Ulrich Bonnell Phillips papers, 1712-1933; and S. Griswold Flagg collection, 1825-1938.

  • Brewton, William Wade. The Son of Thunder, An Epic of the South. Richmond: Garrett & Massie, 1936.
  • Cole, Fred C. Robert Augustus Toombs [Class of 1828]. Union Worthies, no. 16. Schenectady: Union College, 1961.
  • Mellichamp, Josephine. "Robert Toombs.'' In Senators from Georgia, pp. 134-40. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.
  • Phillips, Ulrich B. The Life of Robert Toombs. 1913. Reprint. New York: B. Franklin, 1968.
  • ___, ed. The Correspondence of Robert Toombs, Alexander H. Stephens, and Howell Cobb. 1913. Reprint, with new introduction by James Rabun. New York: Da Capo Press, 1970. Originally published in Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the Year 1911, vol. 2.
  • Roberts, Derrell. "Robert Toombs: An Unreconstructed Rebel on Freedman.'' Negro History Bulletin 28 (Summer 1965): 191-92.
  • Scroggins, Mark. Robert Toombs: The Civil Wars of a United States Senator and Confederate General. Jefferson, NC: McFarland & Co., 2011.
  • Stovall, Pleasant A. Robert Toombs, Statesman, Speaker, Soldier, Sage. New York: Cassell Publishing Co., 1892.
  • Thompson, William Y. Robert Toombs of Georgia. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1966.
  • Walton, Brian G. "Georgia Elections to the United States Senate, 1840-1860.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 61 (Summer 1977): 140-55.