Library of Congress
TYLER, John (1790-1862)
Senate Years of Service: 1827-1833; 1833-1836

TYLER, JOHN, (father of David Gardiner Tyler), a Representative and a Senator from Virginia, a Vice President and 10th President of the United States; born in Charles City County, Va., March 29, 1790; attended private schools and graduated from the College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, Va., in 1807; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1809 and commenced practice in Charles City County; captain of a military company in 1813; member, State house of delegates 1811-1816; member of the council of state in 1816; elected as a Democratic Republican to the Fourteenth Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of John Clopton; reelected to the Fifteenth and Sixteenth Congresses and served from December 17, 1816, to March 3, 1821; declined to be a candidate for renomination in 1820 because of impaired health; member, State house of delegates 1823-1825; Governor of Virginia 1825-1827; elected as a Jacksonian (later Anti-Jacksonian) to the United States Senate in 1827; reelected in 1833 and served from March 4, 1827, to February 29, 1836, when he resigned; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Twenty-third Congress; chairman, Committee on the District of Columbia (Twenty-third and Twenty-fourth Congresses), Committee on Manufactures (Twenty-third Congress); member of the State constitutional convention in 1829 and 1830; member, State house of delegates 1839; elected Vice President of the United States on the Whig ticket with William Henry Harrison in 1840; was inaugurated March 4, 1841, and served until the death of President Harrison on April 4, 1841; took the oath of office as President of the United States on April 6, 1841, and served until March 3, 1845; did not seek reelection; delegate to and president of the peace convention held in Washington, D.C., in 1861 in an effort to devise means to prevent the impending war; delegate to the Confederate Provisional Congress in 1861; elected to the House of Representatives of the Confederate Congress, but died in Richmond, Va., January 18, 1862, before the assembling of the Congress; interment in Hollywood Cemetery.

Amistad Research Center
Tulane University
New Orleans, LA
Papers: Correspondence in Amistad (Schooner) case collection, 1839-1968. On 6 microfilm reels of originals in various repositories. Finding aid.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 13 items.

Brooklyn Historical Society
Brooklyn, NY
Papers: 2 letters (October 4, 1844 and no date) and naval appointment (February 10, 1844).

Clemson University
Special Collections
Clemson, SC
Papers: Ca. 10 items in the John Caldwell Calhoun papers, 1784-1888. Finding aid. Restricted.

College of William and Mary
Williamsburg, VA
Papers: In Tyler family papers, 1664-1934. 55,130 items. Correspondence and collected papers of Tyler and members of his family. Includes 175 items of John Tyler. Finding aid.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: Miscellaneous letters and references in various collections.

Georgia Historical Society
Savannah, GA
Papers: Correspondence in Thomas Addison Burke papers, 1827-1860. Finding aid.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: Correspondence in Simon Gratz collection, 1677-1910; Daniel Parker papers, 1800-1846; Bradford family papers, 1747-1847; and Presidents of the United States autographs.

Indiana Historical Society
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: 15 letters and documents (1839-1857) in various collections. Finding aid.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 1 letter (April 2, 1855) in Bookfellow Foundation autograph collection, 1793-1945; and 1 letter (March 15, 1842) in Sang autograph collection, 1751-1954.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1691-1918. 3 linear feet. Correspondence, autograph collection, and family papers reflecting social life of Virginia. Available on 3 microfilm reels. Finding aid.
Papers: 1 container (1814-1884); correspondence when Green was President Tyler's unofficial representative in Paris and London (1840-1844) in Duff Green papers, 1813-1879; and correspondence in Commissioners of the City of Washington records, 1791-1869 (bulk 1791-1808), available on 1 microfilm reel.

Massachusetts Historical Society
Boston, MA
Papers: 41 items (1841-1861) in various collections.

Memphis State University Library
Mississippi Valley Collection
Memphis, TN
Papers: In Robert R. Church family papers, 1800-1978.

New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: 1827-1859. 39 items.

Northwestern University Library
Evanston, IL
Papers: [ca. 1843-1844]. 4 items. 3 letters and 1 document.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 10 items (1819-1898); and 18 items (1820-1859) concerning various political issues in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

Princeton University
Seeley G. Mudd Library
Princeton, NJ
Papers: In the Andre deCoppet collection, 1566-1942.

Queens Borough Public Library
Jamaica, NY
Papers: Land grant (signed 1844) in the Long Island collections.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1818-1857. 7 items.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1826-1861. Ca. 378 items.
Papers: Correspondence in Samuel Barron papers, 1820-1899; Gordon family papers, 1812-1916; personal letters and business papers postdating his congressional service in ca. 30 collections; engravings; and 3 microfilm reels of originals (1691-1918) in the Library of Congress.

Virginia Historical Society
Richmond, VA
Papers: Unknown quantity and photographs in various collections including the Lewis L. Strauss collection, 1749-1885; and Julia Gardiner Tyler papers, 1844-1946.

Virginia State Library and Archives
Richmond, VA
Papers: Gubernatorial papers (1825-1827); executive letterbook (1825-1827); 3 letters (July 29, 1835; December 27, 1852; November 24, 1858); and 3 microfilm reels of originals 1691-1918) in Library of Congress.
Papers: In Arter family letters, 1864, 1919; Johnston family papers, 1779-1891; Tucker-Ewell family papers, 1770-1893; Granbery family papers, 1781-1927 (bulk 1859-1865); and Tazewell family papers, 1772-1866. Finding aid.

West Virginia University
West Virginia and Regional History Collection
Morgantown, WV
Papers: 1739-1930s. 1 box. Notes and copies of correspondence compiled by Oliver Perry Chitwood for his biography, John Tyler: Champion of the Old South (1939).

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: 3 microfilm reels of originals (1691-1918) at Library of Congress; correspondence concerning his courtship of Julia Gardiner in Gardiner-Tyler family papers, 1843-1898; correspondence in Harry H. Ensign autograph collection, 1818-1880; Benajah Ticknor papers, 1818-1852; Louis Mayer Rabinowitz collection, 1676-1957 (bulk 1765-1915); and Alfred White Van Sinderen collection, 1782-1969.
Research Libraries Information Network: In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, AL; Brown University, Providence, RI; Cornell University Libraries, Ithaca, NY; Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; Hagley Museum and Library, Greenville, DE; Johns Hopkins University Library, Baltimore, MD; New York State Library, Albany, NY; Stanford University Libraries, Stanford, CA; Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse, NY; University of Iowa Libraries, Iowa City, IA; University of Michigan, Bentley Historical Library, Ann Arbor, MI.

  • Abell, Alexander G. Life of John Tyler, President of the United States, Up to the Close of the Second Session of the Twenty-seventh Congress. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1843.
  • Chidsey, Donald Barr. And Tyler Too. Nashville: T. Nelson, 1978.
  • Chitwood, Oliver Perry. John Tyler, Champion of the Old South. New York: D. Appleton-Century Co., 1939.
  • Cronin, John William, and W. Harvey Wise, Jr., eds. A Bibliography of William Henry Harrison, John Tyler, James Knox Polk. Washington: Riverford Publishing Co., 1935.
  • Durfee, David A., ed. William Henry Harrison, 1773-1841: John Tyler, 1790-1862: Chronology, Documents, Bibliographical Aids. Dobbs Ferry, NY: Oceana Publications, 1970.
  • Jackson, John Byers. "John Tyler and the United States Bank.'' Master's thesis, Ohio State University, 1938.
  • Kleber, Louis C. "John Tyler.'' History Today 25 (October 1975): 697-703.
  • Mann, Nancy Wilson. Tylers and Gardiners on the Village Green: Williamsburg, Virginia, and East Hampton, Long Island. New York: Vantage Press, 1983.
  • Monroe, Dan. The Republican Vision of John Tyler. College Station: Texas A & M University Press, 2003.
  • Seager, Robert, II. And Tyler, Too: A Biography of John & Julia Gardiner Tyler. 1963. Reprint. Norwalk, CT: Easton Press, 1989.
  • Sydnor, Charles William. "The Congressional Career of John Tyler, the Tenth President.'' Master's thesis, West Virginia University, 1933.
  • Tyler, Lyon Gardiner, ed. The Letters and Times of the Tylers. 3 vols. 1884-1896. Reprint. New York: Da Capo Press, 1970.
  • Wise, Henry A. Seven Decades of the Union: The Humanities and Materialism, Illustrated by a Memoir of John Tyler, with Reminiscences of Some of His Great Contemporaries. 1872. Reprint. Freeport, NY: Books for Libraries Press, 1971.