VANCE, Joseph (1786-1852)

VANCE, JOSEPH, a Representative from Ohio; born in Catfish (now Washington), Washington County, Pa., March 21, 1786; moved with his father to Vanceburg, Ky., in 1788 and to Urbana, Ohio, in 1805; engaged in agricultural pursuits; captain of a rifle company in 1811 and 1812; during the War of 1812 served successively as major, colonel, brigadier general, and major general of Ohio Militia; member of the State house of representatives in 1812, 1813, 1815, 1816, 1818, and 1819; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1820; engaged in mercantile pursuits at Urbana and Perrysburg, Ohio; laid out the city of Findlay in Hancock County; elected to the Seventeenth Congress; reelected to the Eighteenth through Twenty-second Congresses and reelected as an Anti-Jacksonian to the Twenty-third Congress (March 4, 1821-March 3, 1835); chairman, Committee on Military Affairs (Nineteenth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1834 to the Twenty-fourth Congress; Governor of Ohio 1836-1838; member of the State senate 1840-1841; elected as a Whig to the Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Congresses (March 4, 1843-March 3, 1847); chairman, Committee on Claims (Twenty-eighth and Twenty-ninth Congresses), Committee on Manufactures (Twenty-ninth Congress); was not a candidate for renomination in 1846; delegate to the Whig National Convention in 1848; delegate to the State constitutional convention in 1851; died near Urbana, Champaign County, Ohio, August 24, 1852; interment in Oak Dale Cemetery.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: In the Thomas Ewing Family Papers, ca. 1757-1941, 123.2 linear feet.
Other authors include Joseph Vance.

Papers: In the Charles Hammond Papers, 1793-1840, 1 cubic foot.
Other authors include Joseph Vance.

Papers: In the Thomas Kirker Papers, ca. 1805-1826, 0.25 cubic foot.
Other authors include Joseph Vance.


The Morgan Library and Museum
Literary and Historical Manuscripts
New York, NY
Papers: 1815, 1 item.
A letter from Joseph Vance to General John Stites Gano written on June 12, 1815. In the letter, Vance writes that he is paying a debt and announces the birth of a son.


New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: October 2 and 16, 1830; September 24, 1837.
3 letters. Finding aid in repository.


Ohio Historical Society
Columbus, OH
Papers: 1808-1838, 1 cubic foot.
Chiefly correspondence of Joseph Vance relating to Indian affairs, geological survey, banking, and State investments, letters of recommendation, petitions for patronage and pardons, resignations, and other official reports and papers from Vance's gubernatorial term (1836-38), together with scattered personal correspondence relating to politics.

Papers: 1817, 1 item.
A letter from Governor Joseph Vance, Columbus, to Henry Northup re. land claim of the heir of a revolutionary war soldier.

Papers: 1833, 1 item.
A letter from Joseph Vance to James Reynolds about drawing money out of the Bank of the United States with an understanding from Mr. Biddle.

Papers: In the John Dougherty Papers, ca. 1813-1833, 8 items.
Correspondents include Joseph Vance.

Microfilm: In the Selected Ohio Governors' Papers, 1803-1882, 44 microfilm reels.
Other authors include Joseph Vance.


Rutherford B. Hayes Presidential Center
Fremont, OH
Papers: In the John H. James Papers, 1837-1875, 0.25 linear foot.
Persons represented include Joseph Vance.


University of Virginia
Albert and Shirley Small Special Collections Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: 1831, 6 pages.
A letter from John Randolph to Joseph Vance written on December 20, 1831. In the letter, Randolph comments on political "turncoats", his horses and their bloodlines, and John Randolph Clay.

  • Prince, Benjamin Franklin. Joseph Vance and his Times. Columbus: N.p, 1910.
  • Vance, Joseph. Reply of Mr. Vance, of Ohio, to Mr. McDuffie, of S. Carolina, on the amendment of the Constitution: House of Representatives, April, 1826. [Washington: N.p., 1826].