VANCE, Robert Brank (1828-1899)

VANCE, ROBERT BRANK, a Representative from North Carolina; born on Reems Creek, near Asheville, Buncombe County, N.C., April 24, 1828; attended the common schools; engaged in mercantile and agricultural pursuits; clerk of the court of pleas and quarter sessions 1848-1856; during the Civil War was elected captain of a company in the Confederate Army; twice elected colonel of the Twenty-ninth North Carolina Regiment; appointed brigadier general in 1863; elected as a Democrat to the Forty-third and to the five succeeding Congresses (March 4, 1873-March 3, 1885); chairman, Committee on Patents (Forty-fourth through Forty-sixth and Forty-eighth Congresses); unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1884 to the Forty-ninth Congress; United States Assistant Commissioner of Patents from April 11, 1885, to April 4, 1889, when he resigned; returned to North Carolina and settled in Alexander; member of the State house of representatives 1894-1896; died in Alexander, near Asheville, N.C., November 28, 1899; interment in Riverside Cemetery, Asheville, N.C.

The Huntington Library
San Marino, CA
Photographs: In the Photographic Portrait File, dates and amounts unknown.
Persons represented include Robert Brank Vance.


Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1863, 1 item.
A letter from Robert Brank Vance to his brother, Zebulon Baird Vance, Confederate governor of North Carolina, written on October 9, 1863. In the letter, Robert Vance requests assistance in retaining conscript soldiers and in the impressment of foreigners to maintain order in the border counties of the western part of the state.


University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: In the Calvin Josiah Cowles Papers, ca. 1773-1941, 40.5 linear feet.
Correspondents include Robert Brank Vance.

  • Vance, Robert Brank. Heart-throbs from the Mountains. Nashville, Tenn.,: Southern Methodist Publishing House, 1887.