VANDENBERG, Arthur Hendrick (1884-1951)
Senate Years of Service: 1928-1951

VANDENBERG, ARTHUR HENDRICK, a Senator from Michigan; born in Grand Rapids, Mich., March 22, 1884; attended the public schools and studied law at the University of Michigan at Ann Arbor; editor and publisher of the Grand Rapids Herald 1906-1928; author; appointed on March 31, 1928, as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Woodbridge N. Ferris; was elected on November 6, 1928, to fill this vacancy and also for the term ending January 3, 1935; reelected in 1934, 1940 and 1946 and served from March 31, 1928, until his death; served as President pro tempore of the Senate during the Eightieth Congress; chairman, Committee on Enrolled Bills (Seventy-second Congress), Republican Conference (Seventy-ninth Congress), Committee on Foreign Relations (Eightieth Congress); delegate to the United Nations Conference at San Francisco in 1945; delegate to the United Nations General Assembly at London and New York in 1946; United States adviser to the Council of Foreign Ministers at London, Paris, and New York in 1946; delegate to Pan American Conference at Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, in 1947; died in Grand Rapids, Mich., April 18, 1951; interment in Oak Hill Cemetery.

Central Michigan University
Clarke Historical Library
Mt. Pleasant, MI
Papers: 1931-1934. 18 items. Political and business correspondence and photographs.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Oral History: Discussed in interview with William Benton.

Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: In Geoffrey Parsons papers, ca. 1919-1959.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: Correspondence in Civil Service Reform Association records, 1880-1947.

George C. Marshall Research Foundation Library
Lexington, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Frank W. Price papers, 1929-1949.

Hagley Museum and Library
Greenville, DE
Papers: In the Pew family papers, 1817-1965.

Indiana State Library
Indianapolis, IN
Papers: Correspondence in Raymond E. Willis papers, 1936-1950 (bulk 1938-1947); and Will H. Hays papers, 1857-1954 (bulk 1914-1954).

Joint Archives of Holland
Hope College
Holland, MI
Papers: Correspondence concerning Diekema's appointment as ambassador in Geritt J. Diekema papers.

Knox College
Seymour Library
Galesburg, IL
Papers: 3 letters (May 11, June 14, 1933; August 23, 1935) in Seymour autograph collection, 1750-1945.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: Correspondence in Henry Robinson Luce papers, 1917-1967; and Joseph Pulitzer papers, 1910-1958. Finding aid.

Michigan State University
University Archives and Historical Collections
East Lansing, MI
Papers: Ca. 100 items (1927-1948) in the John Beukema papers relative to the establishment of the St. Lawrence Seaway; and miscellaneous items in the Kathleen Lawler papers.

U.S. Senate
Historical Office
Washington, DC
Oral History: Discussed in interview (February 1-June 13, 1984) with Francis O. Wilcox, chief of staff, Senate Foreign Relations Committee, 240 pages.

University of Oklahoma
Carl Albert Center Congressional Archives
Norman, OK
Papers: Correspondence in Patrick J. Hurley papers, 1900-1956.

University of Michigan
Bentley Historical Library
Ann Arbor, MI
Papers: 1927-1951. 8 feet and 25 volumes. Personal correspondence, diaries, speeches, clippings, 25 scrapbooks, political memorabilia, and portrait. Extensive documentation of foreign policy during World War II. Major portion, excluding scrapbooks, available on 11 microfilm reels. Finding aid. Also descriptions of social activities and daily political life in Washington in Hazel Harper Whitaker Vandenberg papers, 1928-1948. 2 linear feet and 2 volumes. Includes scrapbooks and diaries.
Papers: Correspondence in Vandenberg family papers, 1923-1965, 1 linear foot; and 22 scrapbooks relating to Vandenberg's career, a complete file of Congressional Record remarks, press releases, and campaign literature in Ralph Lawes Smith papers, 1928-1961, 3 linear feet and 22 volumes.
Additional Papers: Correspondence in John Wright Dregge letters, 1949, 1961; George Averill papers; Claude Halstead Van Tyne papers, 1885-1930; Frank Murphy papers, 1908-1949; Stella Brunt Osborn papers, 1916-1922; Shirley Wheeler Smith papers, 1881-1959; Alexander Grant Ruthven papers, 1901-1961; Chase Salmon Osborn papers, 1889-1949; George Murphy papers, 1911-1961; Jesse Sidall Reeves papers, 1853-1942; Louis Carlisle Walker papers, 1881-1963; Louis Webber papers, 1929-1955; Robert James Wilson papers, 1933-1950; Jeanette Wheeler correspondence 1946; Taggart family papers, 1860-1960; John Klaerr Walsh papers, 1928-1958; Universities Committee on Post-War International Problems records, 1943-1944; Isle Royale papers, 1933-1935; Rudolph Edward Reichert papers, 1907-1962; Charles Albert Sink papers, 1907-1985; James Kerr Pollock papers, 1920-1968; Blair Moody papers, 1928-1954; Wilfred Byron Shaw papers, 1900-1954; James Orin Murfin papers, 1896-1940; Ansel Brooks Smith papers, 1932-1962; Earl C. Michener papers, 1898-1934 and 1940-1954; Frank A. Picard papers, 1907-1963; Interlochen Center for the Arts records 1921-ongoing; John Butlin Martin papers, 1948-1965; Michigan Civil Service Study Commission records, 1935-1942; Frank McKay papers, 1909-1965; Howard Cyrus Lawrence papers, 1916-1966; Jay G. Hayden scrapbooks, 1916-1965; Clarence Cook Little papers, 1924-1929; Almon Watson McCall papers, 1924-1970; David Walbridge Kendall papers, 1932-1976; Patrick Henry Kelley papers, 1910-1924; Joseph Ralston Hayden papers, 1854-1948; Roy Dikeman Chapin papers, 1886-1937; Albert Joseph Engle papers, 1911-1959; Fred Warren Green papers, 1881-1939; Lucia Isabelle Voorhees Grimes papers, 1912-1949; John J. Carton papers, 1883-1921; Frank Dwight Fitzgerald papers, 1928-1944; Louis Convers Cramton papers, 1898-1966; Edwin Denby papers, 1880-1929; George Cushing papers, 1942-1955; WilliamByrnes Cudlip papers, 1922-1985; Prentiss Marsh Brown papers, 1902-1973; Gerald L. K. Smith papers, 1922-1976; Herbert F. Baker papers, 1904-1926; and various other collections. Finding aids.

University of Virginia
Alderman Library
Charlottesville, VA
Papers: Correspondence in Hugh Scott papers, 1925-1983. Finding aid.

Wayne State University
Walter P. Reuther Library
Detroit, MI
Papers: Correspondence in Everett Francis papers, 1933-1943; and James J. McClendon papers, 1932-1969.

Yale University Libraries
Manuscripts and Archives
New Haven, CT
Papers: Correspondence in Charles Dewey Hilles papers, 1885-1955; and Charles Telford Erickson papers, 1908-1973.
Research Libraries Information Network In addition to the institutions listed above, items are also cataloged in collections at: Harvard Law School Library, Cambridge, MA; Radcliffe College, Schlesinger Library, Cambridge, MA; State Historical Society of North Dakota, Bismarck, ND; Syracuse University, George Arents Research Library, Syracuse, NY; and University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA.

  • Acheson, Dean. "Arthur Vandenberg and the Senate.'' In Sketches From Life Of Men I Have Known, pp. 123-46. NY: Harper & Brothers, 1961.
  • Anderson, Joel Edward, Jr. "The `Operational Code' Belief System of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg: An Application of the George Construct.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, 1974.
  • Boulard, Garry. "Arthur H. Vandenberg and the Formation of the United Nations.'' Michigan History 71 (July/August 1987): 38-45.
  • Bradshaw, James Stanford. "Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg and Article 51 of the United Nations Charter.'' Mid-America 57 (July 1975): 145-56.
  • Briggs, Philip J. "Senator Vandenberg, Bipartisanship and the Origin of United Nations Article 51.'' Mid-America 60 (October 1978): 163-69.
  • Cable, John N. "Vandenberg: The Polish Question and Polish Americans, 1944-1948.'' Michigan History 57 (Winter 1973): 296-310.
  • Dunlap, Aurie Nichols. "The Political Career of Arthur H. Vandenberg.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Columbia University, 1955.
  • Eldersveld, A. Martin. "A Review and Thematic Analysis of Arthur H. Vandenberg's Senate Addresses on Foreign Policy.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Michigan, 1960.
  • Fetzer, James. "Senator Vandenberg and the American Commitment to China, 1945-1950.'' Historian 36 (February 1974): 283-303.
  • Gazell, James A. "Arthur H. Vandenberg, Internationalism, and the United Nations.'' Political Science Quarterly 88 (September 1973): 375-94.
  • Grant, Philip A., Jr. "The Michigan Congressional Delegation and the Burke-Wadsworth Act of 1940.'' Michigan Historical Review 18 (Spring 1992): 71-81.
  • Gregg, Richard G. "A Rhetorical Re-Examination of Arthur Vandenberg's `Dramatic Conversion,' January 10, 1945.'' Quarterly Journal of Speech 61 (April 1975): 154-68.
  • Haas, Lawrence J. Harry & Arthur: Truman, Vandenberg, and the Partnership That Created the Free World. Lincoln: Potomac Books, an imprint of the University of Nebraska Press, 2016.
  • Hill, Thomas M. "The Senate Leadership and International Policy from Lodge to Vandenberg.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Washington University, 1970.
  • ___. "Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, the Politics of Bipartisanship, and the Origins of Anti-Soviet Consensus, 1941-1946.'' World Affairs 138 (Winter 1975-1976): 219-41.
  • Hudson, Daryl J. "Vandenberg Reconsidered: Senate Resolution 239 and American Foreign Policy.'' Diplomatic History 1 (Winter 1977): 46-63.
  • Kaplan, Lawrence S. The Conversion of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg: From Isolation to International Engagement. Lexington, Kentucky: University Press of Kentucky, 2015.
  • Kling, Merle. "The Tenability of Isolationism and Internationalism as Designations of the Foreign Policy of the United States--A Case Study of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg and Representative Vito Marcantonio.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Washington University, 1949.
  • Lehman, Ronald Frank, II. "Vandenberg, Taft, and Truman: Principle and Politics in the Announcement of the Truman Doctrine.'' Ph.D. dissertation, Claremont Graduate School, 1975.
  • Meijer, Hank (Hendrik). "Arthur Vandenberg and the Fight for Neutrality, 1939.'' Michigan Historical Review 16 (Fall 1990): 1-21.
  • ___. "Hunting for the Middle Ground: Arthur Vandenberg and the Mackinac Charter, 1943.'' Michigan Historical Review 19 (Fall 1993): 1-21.
  • Meijer, Hendrik. Arthur Vandenberg: The Man in the Middle of the American Century . Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2017.
  • Moore, Newell S. "The Role of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg in American Foreign Affairs.'' Ph.D. dissertation, George Peabody College for Teachers of Vanderbilt University, 1954.
  • Patterson, J.W. "Arthur Vandenberg's Rhetorical Strategy in Advancing Bipartisan Foreign Policy.'' Quarterly Journal of Speech 56 (October 1970): 284-95.
  • ___. "A Study of the Changing Views in Selected Foreign Policy Speeches of Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg, 1937-1949.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Oklahoma, 1961.
  • Reston, James. "Arthur Vandenberg.'' Michigan Quarterly Review 8 (Spring 1969): 73-82.
  • Silverman, Sheldon Arnold. "At the Water's Edge: Arthur Vandenberg and the Foundation of American Bipartisan Foreign Policy.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of California, Los Angeles, 1967.
  • Tompkins, C. David. "Arthur Vandenberg Goes to the Senate.''Michigan History 51 (Spring 1967): 19-35.
  • ___. "Profile of a Progressive Editor.'' Michigan History 53 (Summer 1969): 144-57.
  • ___. "Senator Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg: Middle Western Isolationist.'' Michigan History 44 (March 1960): 39-58.
  • ___. Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg: The Evolution of a Modern Republican, 1884-1945. Lansing: Michigan State University Press, 1970.
  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Services Held in the House of Representatives and Senate of the United States, Together with Remarks Presented in Eulogy of Arthur Hendrick Vandenberg, Late a Senator from Michigan. 82d Cong., 1st sess., 1951. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1951.
  • Vandenberg, Arthur Hendrick. The Greatest American, Alexander Hamilton. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1921.
  • ___. If Hamilton Were Here Today: American Fundamentals Applied to Modern Problems. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1923.
  • ___. The Trail of a Tradition. New York: G.P. Putnam's Sons, 1926.
  • Vandenberg, Arthur H., Jr., and Joe Alex Morris, eds. The Private Papers of Senator Vandenberg. 1952. Reprint. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press, 1974.
  • Wilcox, Francis O. Arthur H. Vandenberg: His Career and Legacy. Michigan Historical Collections Bulletin no. 25. Ann Arbor: Michigan Historical Collections, Bentley Historical Library, University of Michigan, 1975.
  • Yang, Richard H. (Ryh-hsiuh). "Chairman Arthur H. Vandenberg of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee and China Policy, 1947-1948.'' Chinese Culture 15 (September 1974): 76-99.
  • Yang, Ryh-hsiuh. (Richard H.). "The Role of Chairman Arthur H. Vandenberg of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee in the 80th Congress, 1947-1948.'' Ph.D. dissertation, New School for Social Research, 1966.