VAUX, Richard (1816-1895)

VAUX, RICHARD, a Representative from Pennsylvania; born in Philadelphia, Pa., December 19, 1816; educated by private tutors at the Friends Select School in Philadelphia and Bolmar's French School, Westchester, Pa.; studied law and was admitted to the bar in Philadelphia in 1837; secretary of legation under Andrew Stevenson, United States Minister to Great Britain, for one year; returned to Philadelphia in 1839; member of the State house of representatives in 1839; delegate to the Democratic State convention in 1840; commenced the practice of law in Philadelphia in 1840; recorder of deeds of Philadelphia 1842-1849; appointed by the State supreme court as inspector of the State penitentiary for the eastern district of Pennsylvania in 1842, and served as secretary and later as president of the board of inspectors until his death; unsuccessful candidate for mayor of Philadelphia in 1842, 1845, and 1854; elected mayor of Philadelphia in 1856; member of the board of city trusts 1859-1866, serving as president 1863-1865; elected as a Democrat to the Fifty-first Congress to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Samuel J. Randall and served from May 20, 1890, to March 3, 1891; unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1890 to the Fifty-second Congress; died in Philadelphia, Pa., March 22, 1895; interment in Laurel Hill Cemetery.

Historical Society of Pennsylvania
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: In the Parrish Family Papers, 1614-1874, 350 items.
Persons represented include Richard Vaux.

Papers: In the Philadelphia City Institute Records, 1852-1999, 15 linear feet.
Persons represented include Richard Vaux.

Papers: In the State Penitentiary for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania List of Prisoner Discharges and Scrapbook, 1885-1890, 1 volume.
The first several pages are pasted with newspaper clippings, 1890, forming a scrapbook of articles relating to the campaign for Congress of Richard Vaux, a Democratic nominee for the 3rd District, who also served as prison inspector for over 53 years and as president of it's board for over 43 years .

Papers: In the Vaux Family Papers, ca. 1684-1923, 6 linear feet.
Persons represented include Richard Vaux.


University of Pennsylvania Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1880-1891, 6 items.
Correspondence from Richard Vaux to Henry Charles Lea, 1880-1891.

  • Vaux, Richard. "The integrity of American politics." An oration: delivered by Hon. Richard Vaux, at the Girard college, on fourth of July, 1861. Philadelphia: McLaughlin Bros., printers, 1861.
  • ------. The State and the prison. By the author of "Penal" an element in social science. Philadelphia: N.p., 1886.
  • ------. A biographical notice of Henry M. Phillips. Philadelphia: N.p., 1885.
  • ------. Brief sketch of the origin and history of the State Penitentiary for the Eastern District of Pennsylvania, at Philadelphia. Philadelphia: McLaughlin Brothers, printers, 1872.
  • ------. The convict. His punishment; what it should be; and how applied. Philadelphia: Allen, Lane & Scott's Printing House, 1884.
  • ------. The habeas corpus. The act, the writ, and the privilege. Its death, and how it came by it. [Philadelphia?: N.p., 1862?]
  • ------. Oration on laying the corner-stone of the new Masonic temple. Philadelphia: Printed for the Grand Lodge by King & Baird, [1868].
  • ------. Penal: An element in social science. American ed. Philadelphia: King & Baird, printers, 1862.
  • ------. The Pennsylvania prison system. Philadelphia: Allen, Lane & Scott's Printing House, 1884.
  • ------. The prevention and punishment of crime. A paper read before the International Prison Conference held in Rome, November, 1885. Philadelphia: Allen, Lane & Scott's Printing House, 1885.
  • ------. Replies to the questions submitted for the consideration of the International Prison Congress to be held at Stockholm, August, 1877. Philadelphia: McLaughlin Brothers' Book and Job Printing Establishment, 1876.
  • ------. Short talks on crime-cause and convict punishment. 2d ed. Philadelphia: N.d., 1882.
  • ------. Sketch of the life of Joseph Hiester, Governor of Pennsylvania. [Philadelphia: Printed by Allen, Lane & Scott, 1887?]
  • ------. Some remarks on crime-cause. 2d ed. Philadelphia: M'Laughlin Brothers' Book and Job Printing Establishment, 1879.