Collection of the U.S. House of Representatives
About this object
WALKER, James Alexander (1832-1901)

WALKER, JAMES ALEXANDER, (great grandfather of Manley C. Butler), a Representative from Virginia; born near Mount Meridian, Augusta County, Va., August 27, 1832; attended private schools, and was graduated from Virginia Military Institute, Lexington, Va., in 1852; studied law in the University of Virginia at Charlottesville in 1854 and 1855; was admitted to the bar in 1856 and commenced practice in Newbern, Pulaski County, Va., in 1856; attorney for the Commonwealth in 1860; entered the Confederate Army in April 1861 as captain of the Pulaski Guards, afterwards Company C, Fourth Virginia Infantry, Stonewall Brigade; promoted to lieutenant colonel and assigned to the Thirteenth Virginia Infantry in July 1861, becoming colonel in March 1862; was promoted to brigadier general and assigned as commander of the Stonewall Brigade in May 1863; member of the house of delegates of Virginia in 1871 and 1872; elected Lieutenant Governor of Virginia in 1877; until 1893 was a member of the Democratic Party; elected as a Republican to the Fifty-fourth and Fifty-fifth Congresses (March 4, 1895-March 3, 1899); chairman, Committee on Elections No. 3 (Fifty-fifth Congress); unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1898 to the Fifty-sixth Congress; resumed the practice of his profession; died in Wytheville, Wythe County, Va., October 21, 1901; interment in East End Cemetery.

University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Manuscripts Department, Southern Historical Collection
Chapel Hill, NC
Papers: 1855-1928, 1.5 linear feet.
The collection contains materials of, and about, James Alexander Walker. The papers include correspondence with his fiancee in the 1850s while he was at the University of Virginia and practicing law in Pulaski County, Va., and personal and political letters in Wythe County, Va., when he was a Republican member of the U.S. House of Representatives in the 1890s. Other papers include 1870s manuscript speeches, correspondence and clippings about James Alexander Walker, and a typescript biography by his daughter, Mrs. M. M. Caldwell. A finding aid for the papers is available in the repository.

  • Caldwell, Willie Walker. Stonewell Jim: A Biography of General James A. Walker, C.S.A. Elliston, Va.: Northcross House, 1990.
  • Campbell, Edward C. "James Alexander Walker: A Biography." Master's thesis, Virginia Polytechnical Institute and State University, 1972.
  • Walker, James Alexander. Contested election case of James A. Walker vs. William F. Rhea. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1899.