WALLACE, Henry Agard (1888-1965)

WALLACE, HENRY AGARD, a Vice President of the United States; born on a farm near Orient, Adair County, Iowa, October 7, 1888; attended the public schools; graduated from Iowa State College at Ames in 1910; served on the editorial staff of Wallace's Farmer, Des Moines, Iowa, 1910-1924 and was editor 1924-1929; experimented with breeding high-yielding strains of corn 1913-1933; in 1915 devised the first corn-hog ratio charts indicating probable course of markets; author of many publications on agriculture; appointed Secretary of Agriculture in the Cabinet of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933 and served until September 1940, when he resigned, having been nominated for Vice President; elected in November 1940 as Vice President of the United States on the Democratic ticket with President Franklin D. Roosevelt and was inaugurated January 20, 1941, for the term ending January 20, 1945; unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1944; appointed Secretary of Commerce and served from March 1945 to September 1946; unsuccessful Progressive candidate for election as President of the United States in 1948; resumed his farming interests; was a resident of South Salem, N.Y.; died in Danbury, Conn., November 18, 1965; remains were cremated at Grace Cemetery in Bridgeport, Conn., and the ashes interred in Glendale Cemetery, Des Moines, Iowa.

University of Iowa Libraries
Special Collections Department
Iowa City, IA
Papers: ca. 1923-2004, 168 linear feet.
The papers include papers on Henry Agard Wallace, including audiovisual materials, newsclippings, correspondence, government documents, memorabilia, appointment books, biographical materials, diaries, scrapbooks, travel files, photographs, and writings. A finding aid is available in the repository and online.

Clemson University
Clemson, SC
Papers: In the B. O. (Barnett Osborne) Williams Papers, ca. 1926-1940, 1 cubic foot.
The papers include addresses of Henry A. Wallace, U.S. secretary of agriculture.

Columbia University
Oral History Project
New York, NY
Papers: In the Clifford J. Durr Papers, 1899-1976, 26 cubic feet.
Other authors include Henry Agard Wallace.

Oral history: 1953, 323 leaves.
Reminiscences of Henry Agard Wallace: oral history, 1953.

Oral history: 1951, 5197 leaves.
Reminiscences of Henry Agard Wallace: oral history, 1951.

Franklin D. Roosevelt Library
Hyde Park, NY
Microfilm: 1941-1945, 54 reels.
Correspondence, memoranda, reports, resolutons, petitions, and newspaper clippings concerning Henry A. Wallace's service as U.S. vice president and chairman of the Board of Economic Warfare. The files contain information on agriculture, appropriation bills, commercial relations with Canada and Sweden, Democratic Party activities, education, labor, political patronage, postwar problems, the Standard Oil Company controversy, world politics, and Axis activities in Latin America during World War II.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: ca. 1931-1945, 33.6 linear feet.
Correspondence, memoranda, subject files, scrapbooks, clippings, and photographs documenting Henry A. Wallace?s service as U.S. secretary of agriculture and as U.S. vice president. Includes material on public reaction to his trip to South America in 1943 and his speech seconding the renomination of Franklin D. Roosevelt for the presidency in 1944. A finding aid is available in the library. The collection also is available on microfilm.

Sound recording: 1940, 2 sound discs.
Henry Wallace's acceptance speech for his nomination by the Democratic Party for Vice President of the United States.

Sound recording: 1947, 2 sound discs.
Henry Wallace addresses his views on the 1948 elections.

National Agricultural Library
Special Collections
Beltsville, MD
Papers: ca. 1921-1943, 8 linear feet.
The bulk of the Henry Agard Wallace Collection is from Wallace's tenure as Secretary of Agriculture. The collection was originally housed in the library of the Bureau of Agricultural Economics.

University of Washington Libraries
Microform and Newspapers Collections
Seattle, WA
Microfiche: 1935-1946, 42 volumes.
Diary, Jan. 1935-Sept. 1946, of Henry Agard Wallace.

  • Culver, John C., and John Hyde. American Dreamer: The Life and Times of Henry A. Wallace. New York: N orton, 2000.
  • Markowitz, Norman D. The Rise and Fall of the People's Century: Henry A. Wallace and American Liberalism, 1941-1948. New York: Free Press, 1973.
  • Wallace, Henry A. The Price of Vision: The Diary of Henry A. Wallace, 1942-1946. John Morton Blum, ed. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1973.
  • White, Graham and John Maze. Henry A. Wallace: His Search for a New World Order. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1995.