WALTON, George (c 1749-1804)

WALTON, GEORGE, (brother of John Walton and cousin of Matthew Walton), a Delegate and a Senator from Georgia; born in Cumberland County, Va., in either 1749 or 1750; apprenticed as a carpenter; attended the common schools; moved to Savannah, Ga., in 1769; studied law; admitted to the bar in 1774 and commenced practice in Savannah, Ga.; secretary of the Provincial Congress in 1775 and a member of the committee of intelligence; member, council of safety in 1775 and later president of that body; member, State house of representatives; member of the Continental Congress 1776, 1777, 1780, and 1781; a signer of the Declaration of Independence; served in the Revolutionary War and was captured at Savannah; colonel in the First Georgia Battalion; Governor of Georgia 1779; commissioner to treat with the Indians and to negotiate a treaty with the Cherokees in Tennessee in 1783; chief justice of Georgia 1783-1789; member of the Augusta Board of Commissioners 1784-1785; represented Georgia in the settlement of the boundary line between South Carolina and Georgia in 1786; elected as a delegate to the convention to frame the Federal Constitution in 1787, but declined; Governor of Georgia 1789; was appointed first judge of the superior courts of the eastern judicial circuit in 1790; appointed to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the resignation of James Jackson and served from November 16, 1795, to April 12, 1796, when a duly elected successor presented his credentials and took his oath; trustee of Richmond Academy and of the University of Georgia; moved to Augusta; again appointed judge of the superior circuit of Georgia and served from 1799 until his death at his home, "College Hill," near Augusta, Richmond County, Ga., February 2, 1804; interment in Rosney Cemetery; reinterment in 1848 beneath the monument in front of the courthouse on Greene Street, Augusta, Ga.

Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 11 items.

Cornell University
Rare Books and Manuscript Collections
Ithaca, NY
Papers: 1 letter (May 5, 1789) from George Clinton in Washington Irving's Life of George Washington, Volume XI, Miscellany, 1755-1835; and 1 land indenture (May 11, 1786) signed by Walton.

Duke University
Special Collections Library
Durham, NC
Papers: 1775-1814. 40 items. Legal, governmental and personal correspondence, and portraits.

Georgia Department of Archives and History
Atlanta, GA
Papers: Gubernatorial papers.

Georgia Historical Society
Savannah, GA
Papers: 14 items. Letters, petitions, historical tracts, autograph letter, and testimonial. Also correspondence in Lachlan McIntosh papers, 1763-1799. Finding aid.

New Jersey Historical Society
Newark, NJ
Papers: In Louis Bamberger autograph collection, 1683-1929.

Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission
Harrisburg, PA
Papers: In James Lewis Hook autograph collection, 1752-1810.

Pierpont Morgan Library
New York, NY
Papers: 11 items (1774-1800); and 7 items (1776-1803) on various topics in the Gilder Lehrman collection. Finding aid.

Rosenbach Museum and Library
Philadelphia, PA
Papers: 1 item in Signers of the Declaration of Independence autograph collection; and 1 letter (October 23, 1779) to Benjamin Lincoln.

University of Georgia
Hargrett Library for Rare Books and Manuscripts
Athens, GA
Papers: 1779. 1 letter (photostat). Also portrait.

  • Bridges, Edwin Clifford. "George Walton: A Political Biography.'' Ph.D. dissertation, University of Chicago, 1981.
  • Cashin, Edward J., Jr. "George Walton and the Forged Letter.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 62 (Summer 1978): 133-45.
  • Lamplugh, George R. "George Walton, Chief Justice of Georgia, 1783-1785.'' Georgia Historical Quarterly 65 (Summer 1981): 82-91.
  • Mellichamp, Josephine. "George Walton.'' In Senators from Georgia, pp. 37-42. Huntsville, AL: Strode Publishers, 1976.