WASHBURN, Israel, Jr. (1813-1883)

WASHBURN, ISRAEL, JR., (brother of Elihu Benjamin Washburne, Cadwallader Colden Washburn, and William Drew Washburn), a Representative from Maine; born in Livermore, Androscoggin County, Maine, June 6, 1813; attended the common schools and was educated by private tutors; studied law; was admitted to the bar in 1834 and commenced practice in Orono, Penobscot County, Maine; member of the State house of representatives in 1842 and 1843; unsuccessful candidate for the Thirty-first Congress in 1848; elected as a Whig to the Thirty-second and Thirty-third Congresses, as a Republican to the Thirty-fourth, Thirty-fifth, and Thirty-sixth Congresses and served from March 4, 1851, to January 1, 1861, when he resigned, having been elected Governor; chairman, Committee on Elections (Thirty-fourth Congress); Governor of Maine in 1861 and 1862; declined to be a candidate for renomination; appointed by President Lincoln as collector of customs at Portland, Maine, and served from October 31, 1863, until March 16, 1877, when he resigned; served as president of the board of trustees of Tufts College, Medford, Mass.; engaged in literary pursuits; died in Philadelphia, Pa., on May 12, 1883; interment in Mount Hope Cemetery, Bangor, Maine.

Library of Congress
Manuscript Division
Washington, DC
Papers: 1838-1908, 300 items.
The papers of Israel Washburn principally contain correspondence concerning politics in Maine during the early years of the Civil War and such national events as the Kansas-Nebraska act, the presidential elections of 1856 and 1860, the formation of the Republican Party, and the Civil War.

Papers: In the Joshua R. Giddings Papers, 1821-1866, 2.5 cubic feet.
Other authors include Israel Washburn.


Boston Public Library
Boston, MA
Papers: 4 letters.

Bryn Mawr College
The Adelman Collection
Bryn Mawr, PA
Papers: 1864, 1 item.
A letter from Israel Washburn to G. Hill written on March 25, 1864. In the letter, Israel Washburn writes "I have only time to acknowledge the receipt of your note ... and to say that I am very happy to comply with your request."


Columbia University
Rare Book and Manuscript Library
New York, NY
Papers: In the Moncure D. Conway Collection, 1847-1907, 21 linear feet.
The papers include a letter between Israel Washburn and Moncure Conway written on April 17, 1872.


Duke University Library
Durham, NC
Papers: In Algernon S. Washburn Correspondence, 1832-1884, 214 items.
Correspondents include Israel Washburn.


Maine Historical Society
Portland, ME
Papers: In the Charles Barnard Papers, ca. 1861-1869, 1 box.
Includes commissions signed by Maine governor, Israel Washburn, Jr.

Papers: In the Timothy Jarvis Carter Papers, 1817-1848, 1 box.
The colleciton includes letters (1834-1840) between Israel Washburn and his brother Algernon Sidney Washburn.

Papers: In the Fifth Maine Infantry Regiment General Order Book, 1861, 1 volume.
Orders copied by various regimental clerks. Includes orders of Maine governor Israel Washburn and generals George B. McClellan, Irvin McDowell, and O.O. Howard. from Jun 4-July 27, 1861.


Michigan State University Library
Lansing, MI
Microfilm: 1838-1908, 1 reel.
The papers of Israel Washburn principally contain correspondence concerning politics in Maine during the early years of the Civil War and such national events as the Kansas-Nebraska act, the presidential elections of 1856 and 1860, the formation of the Republican Party, and the Civil War. Originals at Library of Congress.


New-York Historical Society
New York, NY
Papers: August 26, 1862. 1 letter.
Official correspondence. Finding aid in repository.


University of Maine at Orono
Orono, ME
Papers: In the B. F. Tefft Papers, 1836-1882, 236 items.
Persons represented include Israel Washburn, Jr.


Washburn Norlands Library
Livermore Falls, ME
Papers: 1841-1883. 1 1/2 feet.
Correspondence as U.S. Representative and Governor with family and politicians, including his brother Elihu, James G. Blaine, Hannibal Hamlin, and others; speeches, clippings, and printed matter. Inventory in library.

  • Hunt, Gaillard, comp. Israel, Elihu, and Cadwallader Washburn: A Chapter in American Biography. New York: Macmillan, 1925.
  • In memoriam: Israel Washburn, Jr. [Portland, Maine]: S. Berry, printer, 1884.
  • Kelsey, Kerck. Israel Washburn, Jr.: Maine's Little-Known Giant Of The Civil War. Rockport, ME: Picton Press, 2004.
  • Washburn, Israel. Kansas and the Lecompton Constitution. Speech of Hon. I. Washburn, jr., of Maine. Delivered in the House of Representatives, January 7, 1858. [Washington, D.C.: Buell & Blanchard, printers, 1858].
  • ___. Kansas contested election. Speech of Hon. I. Washburn, Jr., of Maine, in the House of Representatives, March 14, 1856, on the resolution reported by the Committee of Elections, in the contested election case from the territory of Kansas. [Washington: Buell & Blanchard, printers, 1856].
  • ___. The north-eastern boundary. Portland: N.p., 1881.
  • ___. Notes, historical, descriptive, and personal, of Livermore, in Androscoggin (formerly in Oxford) County, Maine. Portland: Bailey & Noyes, 1874.
  • ___. Plan for shortening the transit between New York and London: European and North American Railway: Public lands. Speech of Hon. I. Washburn, Jr., of Maine, in the House of Representatives, March 10, 1852. [Washington: Printed at Congressional Globe Office, 1852].
  • ___. Politics of the country. [Washington, D.C.: Buell & Blanchard, printers, 1856].
  • ___. The power and duty of Congress, in respect to suffrage. Boston: N.p., 1869.
  • ___. Speech of Hon. I. Washburn, Jr., of Maine, on a bill to organize territorial governments in Nebraska and Kansas, and against the abrogation of the Missouri Compromise. House of Representatives, April 7, 1854. Washington: Printed at the Congressional Globe Office, 1854.
  • ___. Speech of Hon. I. Washburn ... on the Presidents message vetoing the French spoliation bill. [Washington?: N.p., 1855].